%ACoti Zelati, Michele%AElgindi, Tarek%AWidmayer, Klaus%BJournal Name: Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis; Journal Volume: 247; Journal Issue: 1; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2023-03-26 16:29:24
%D2023%ISpringer Science + Business Media
%JJournal Name: Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis; Journal Volume: 247; Journal Issue: 1; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2023-03-26 16:29:24
%K
%MOSTI ID: 10394858
%PMedium: X
%TStationary Structures Near the Kolmogorov and Poiseuille Flows in the 2d Euler Equations
%XAbstract
We study the behavior of solutions to the incompressible 2dEuler equations near two canonical shear flows with critical points, the Kolmogorov and Poiseuille flows, with consequences for the associated Navier–Stokes problems. We exhibit a large family of new, non-trivial stationary states that are arbitrarily close to the Kolmogorov flow on the square torus$$\mathbb {T}^2$$${T}^{2}$in analytic regularity. This situation contrasts strongly with the setting of some monotone shear flows, such as the Couette flow: there the linearized problem exhibits an “inviscid damping” mechanism that leads to relaxation of perturbations of the base flows back to nearby shear flows. Our results show that such a simple description of the long-time behavior is not possible for solutions near the Kolmogorov flow on$$\mathbb {T}^2$$${T}^{2}$. Our construction of the new stationary states builds on a degeneracy in the global structure of the Kolmogorov flow on$$\mathbb {T}^2$$${T}^{2}$, and we also show a lack of correspondence between the linearized description of the set of steady states and its true nonlinear structure. Both the Kolmogorov flow on a rectangular torus and the Poiseuille flow in a channel are very different. We show that the only stationary states near them must indeed be shears, even in relatively low regularity. In addition, we show that this behavior is mirrored closely in the related Navier–Stokes settings: the linearized problems near the Poiseuille and Kolmogorov flows both exhibit an enhanced rate of dissipation. Previous work by us and others shows that this effect survives in the full, nonlinear problem near the Poiseuille flow and near the Kolmogorov flow on rectangular tori, provided that the perturbations lie below a certain threshold. However, we show here that the corresponding result cannot hold near the Kolmogorov flow on$${\mathbb T}^2$$${T}^{2}$.

%0Journal Article