%AChen, Xiaohui%AHe, Jiaxing%AHan, Xu%ALiu, Li-Ping%D2023%IML Research Press
%K
%MOSTI ID: 10496888
%PMedium: X
%TEfficient and Degree-Guided Graph Generation via Discrete Diffusion Modeling
%XDiffusion-based graph generative models are effective in generating high-quality small graphs. However, it is hard to scale them to large graphs that contain thousands of nodes. In this work, we propose EDGE, a new diffusion-based graph generative model that addresses generative tasks for large graphs. The model is developed by reversing a discrete diffusion process that randomly removes edges until obtaining an empty graph. It leverages graph sparsity in the diffusion process to improve computational efficiency. In particular, EDGE only focuses on a small portion of graph nodes and only adds edges between these nodes. Without compromising modeling ability, it makes much fewer edge predictions than previous diffusion-based generative models. Furthermore, EDGE can explicitly model the node degrees of training graphs and then gain performance improvement in capturing graph statistics. The empirical study shows that EDGE is much more efficient than competing methods and can generate large graphs with thousands of nodes. It also outperforms baseline models in generation quality: graphs generated by the proposed model have graph statistics more similar to those of training graphs.