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  1. Tantalum carbide (TaC) and hafnium carbide (HfC) have some of the highest melting temperatures among the transition metal carbides, borides, and nitrides, making them promising materials for high‐speed flight and high‐temperature structural applications. Solid solutions of TaC and HfC are of particular interest due to their enhanced oxidation resistance compared to pure TaC or HfC. This study looks at the effect of Hf content on the oxidation resistance of TaC–HfC sintered specimens. Five compositions are fabricated into bulk samples using spark plasma sintering (2173 K, 50 MPa, 10 min hold). Oxidation behavior of a subset of the compositions (100 vol% TaC, 80 vol% TaC + 20 vol% HfC, and 50 vol% TaC + 50 vol% HfC) is analyzed using an oxyacetylene torch for 60 s. The TaC–HfC samples exhibit a reduction in the oxide scale thickness and the mass ablation rate with increasing HfC content. The improved oxidation resistance can be attributed to the formation of a Hf6Ta2O17phase. This phase enhances oxidation resistance by reducing oxygen diffusion and serving as a protective layer for the unoxidized material. The superior oxidation resistance of TaC–HfC samples makes these materials strong contenders for the development of high‐speed flight coatings.

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