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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2023
  3. Optical metasurfaces of sub-wavelength pillars have provided new capabilities for the versatile definition of the amplitude, phase, and polarization of light. In this work we demonstrate that an efficient dielectric metasurface lens can be used to trap and image single neutral atoms. We characterize the high numerical aperture optical tweezers using the trapped atoms and compare to numerical computations of the metasurface lens performance. We predict future metasurfaces for atom trapping can leverage multiple ongoing developments in metasurface design and enable multifunctional control in complex experiments with neutral-atoms arrays.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
  5. Beard, D (Ed.)
    Neurons rely on localized mitochondria to fulfill spatially heterogeneous metabolic demands. Mitochondrial aging occurs on timescales shorter than the neuronal lifespan, necessitating transport of fresh material from the soma. Maintaining an optimal distribution of healthy mitochondria requires an interplay between a stationary pool localized to sites of high metabolic demand and a motile pool capable of delivering new material. Interchange between these pools can occur via transient fusion / fission events or by halting and restarting entire mitochondria. Our quantitative model of neuronal mitostasis identifies key parameters that govern steady-state mitochondrial health at discrete locations. Very infrequent exchange between stationary and motile pools optimizes this system. Exchange via transient fusion allows for robust maintenance, which can be further improved by selective recycling through mitophagy. These results provide a framework for quantifying how perturbations in organelle transport and interactions affect mitochondrial homeostasis in neurons, a key aspect underlying many neurodegenerative disorders.
  6. Open-sourced kinematic models of the da Vinci Surgical System have previously been developed using serial chains for forward and inverse kinematics. However, these models do not describe the motion of every link in the closed-loop mechanism of the da Vinci manipulators; knowing the kinematics of all components in motion is essential for the foundation of modeling the system dynamics and implementing representative simulations. This paper proposes a modeling method of the closed-loop kinematics, using the existing da Vinci kinematics and an optical motion capture link length calibration. Resulting link lengths and DH parameters are presented and used as the basis for ROS-based simulation models. The models were simulated in RViz visualization simulation and Gazebo dynamics simulation. Additionally, the closed-loop kinematic chain was verified by comparing the remote center of motion location of simulation with the hardware. Furthermore, the dynamic simulation resulted in satisfactory joint stability and performance. All models and simulations are provided as an open-source package.
  7. Forest restoration occupies centre stage in global conversations about carbon removal and biodiversity conservation, but recent research rarely acknowledges social dimensions or environmental justice implications related to its implementation. We find that 294.5 million people live on tropical forest restoration opportunity land in the Global South, including 12% of the total population in low-income countries. Forest landscape restoration that prioritizes local communities by affording them rights to manage and restore forests provides a promising option to align global agendas for climate miti-gation, conservation, environmental justice and sustainable development.