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  1. In this work, the authors explore the influence of noise on the dynamics of coupled nonlinear oscillators. Numerical studies based on the Euler–Maruyama scheme and experimental studies with finite duration noise are undertaken to examine how the response can be moved from one response state to another by using noise addition to a harmonically forced system. In particular, jumps from a high amplitude state of each oscillator to a low amplitude state of each oscillator and the converse are demonstrated along with noise-influenced localizations. These events are found to occur in a region of multi-stability for the system, and the corresponding noise levels are reported. A method for recognizing how much noise is required to induce a change the system dynamics is developed by using the response basins of attraction. The findings of this work have implications for weakly coupled, nonlinear oscillator arrays and the manner in which noise can be used to influence energy localization and system dynamics in these systems.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
  2. Energy localization, which are spatially confined response patterns, have been observed in turbomachinery applications, micro-electromechanical systems, and atomic crystals. While confined energy can reduce a device’s life-span, in sensing and energy harvesting applications, it can be beneficial to steer a system’s response into a localized mode. Building on earlier studies, in this article, the authors extend the research on localization by considering an array of coupled Duffing oscillators arranged in a circle. The system is composed of multiple nonlinear oscillators each connected to two neighboring oscillators via springs. Due to the periodic boundary conditions waves can propagate through the boundaries. These oscillators are hardening in most of the considered cases, and softening in the others. In the studied parameter range, the system is characterized by multi-stable behavior and a localized mode as well as a unison-low-amplitude motion coexist. The possibility that white noise can drive the system response from the localized mode to the low amplitude mode and thus suppresses energy localization is investigated. For different noise levels, the duration needed to stop energy localization as well as the probability to suppress localization within a certain time is numerically studied. In addition, the effects of linear coupling and nonlinear couplingmore »between the oscillators on the strength of localization and the minimum noise addition needed to suppress energy localization are examined in depth. Moreover, modeling of large array dynamics with smaller subsystems is explored and dynamics with non-Gaussian noise is also considered.« less