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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  2. Photoemission from solid targets includes the excitation and motion of electrons inside the substrate, followed by their propagation in vacuum and detection. It thus depends on the electronic band structure of the solid in the two distinct spectral domains of bound initial and continuum final states. While the imprint of the static (initial-state) valence electronic structure of solids on photoemission spectra is routinely examined in standard photoemission spectroscopy in the energy domain, state-of-the-art time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy allows, in addition, the scrutiny of photoelectron propagation in the electronic continuum. Within a quantum-mechanical model for attosecond time-resolved interferometric photoelectron emission from solids, we calculated photoemission spectra as a function of the delay between the exciting primary attosecond pulse train and assisting infrared (IR) laser pulse. Accounting for final-state interactions of the photoelectron with the IR laser electric field and the periodic substrate, our numerical results for interferometric photoemission from the 3d-valence band of Cu(111) surfaces show a striking resonantly enhanced sideband yield at photoelectron kinetic energies near 24 eV, in conjunction with a pronounced increase of the photoelectron wave-function amplitude inside the solid on a length scale of a few nanometers. This resonant shift of final-state photoelectron-probability density towards the bulk canmore »be interpreted as an increase in the photoelectron propagation time in the solid and is commensurate with the resonantly enhanced spectral sideband-phase shifts observed in recent two-pathway two-photon interference spectra by Kasmi et al. [Optica 4, 1492 (2017)].« less
  3. Marshall, Heather K. ; Spyromilio, Jason ; Usuda, Tomonori (Ed.)
    The novel 9.7m Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (SCT), utilizing aspheric dual-mirror optical system, has been constructed as a prototype medium size x-ray telescope for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) observatory. The prototype SCT (pSCT) is designed to achieve simultaneously the wide (≥ 8°) field of view and the superior imaging resolution (0.067 per pixel) to significantly improve scientific capabilities of the observatory in conducting the sky surveys, the follow-up observations of multi-messenger transients with poorly known initial localization and the morphology studies of x-ray sources with angular extent. In this submission, we describe the hardware and software implementations of the telescope optical system as well as the methods specifically developed to align its complex optical system, in which both primary and secondary mirrors are segmented. The pSCT has detected Crab Nebula in June 2020 during ongoing commissioning, which was delayed due to worldwide pandemic and is not yet completed. Verification of pSCT performance is continuing and further improvement of optical alignment is anticipated.