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Abstract Reaction networks are commonly used within the mathematical biology and mathematical chemistry communities to model the dynamics of interacting species. These models differ from the typical graphs found in random graph theory since their vertices are constructed from elementary building blocks, i.e. the species. We consider these networks in an Erdös–Rényi framework and, under suitable assumptions, derive a threshold function for the network to have a deficiency of zero, which is a property of great interest in the reaction network community. Specifically, if the number of species is denoted by n and the edge probability by $p_n$ , then we prove that the probability of a random binary network being deficiency zero converges to 1 if $p_n\ll r(n)$ as $n \to \infty$ , and converges to 0 if $p_n \gg r(n)$ as $n \to \infty$ , where $r(n)=\frac{1}{n^3}$ .more » « less

The past few decades have seen robust research on questions regarding the existence, form, and properties of stationary distributions of stochastically modeled reaction networks. When a stochastic model admits a stationary distribution an important practical question is: what is the rate of convergence of the distribution of the process to the stationary distribution? With the exception of ^{[1]} pertaining to models whose state space is restricted to the nonnegative integers, there has been a notable lack of results related to this rate of convergence in the reaction network literature. This paper begins the process of filling that hole in our understanding. In this paper, we characterize this rate of convergence, via the mixing times of the processes, for two classes of stochastically modeled reaction networks. Specifically, by applying a FosterLyapunov criteria we establish exponential ergodicity for two classes of reaction networks introduced in ^{[2]}. Moreover, we show that for one of the classes the convergence is uniform over the initial state.