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  1. The kinetic energy dependences of the reactions of Pt + ( 2 D 5/2 ) with SO 2 were studied using a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer and theory. The observed cationic products are PtO + and PtSO + , with small amounts of PtS + , all formed in endothermic reactions. Modeling the kinetic energy dependent product cross sections allows determination of the product bond dissociation energies (BDEs): D 0 (Pt + –O) = 3.14 ± 0.11 eV, D 0 (Pt + –S) = 3.68 ± 0.31 eV, and D 0 (Pt + –SO) = 3.03 ± 0.12 eV. The oxidemore »BDE agrees well with more precise literature values, whereas the latter two results are the first such measurements. Quantum mechanical calculations were performed for PtO + , PtS + , PtO 2 + , and PtSO + at the B3LYP and coupled-cluster with single, double, and perturbative triple [CCSD(T)] levels of theory using the def2-XZVPPD (X = T, Q) and aug-cc-pVXZ (X = T, Q, 5) basis sets and complete basis set extrapolations. These theoretical BDEs agree well with the experimental values. After including empirical spin–orbit corrections, the product ground states are determined as PtO + ( 4 Σ 3/2 ), PtS + ( 4 Σ 3/2 ), PtO 2 + ( 2 Σ g + ), and PtSO + ( 2 A′). Potential energy profiles including intermediates and transition states for each reaction were also calculated at the B3LYP/def2-TZVPPD level. Periodic trends in the thermochemistry of the group 9 metal chalcogenide cations are compared, and the formation of PtO + from the Pt + + SO 2 reaction is compared with those from the Pt + + O 2 , CO 2 , CO, and NO reactions.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 21, 2023
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  5. The gas-phase structures of protonated unsymmetrical 1,1-dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) and the proton-bound dimers of UDMH and hydrazine are examined by infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) action spectroscopy utilizing light generated by a free electron laser and an optical parametric oscillator laser system. To identify the structures present in the experimental studies, the measured IRMPD spectra are compared to spectra calculated at the B3LYP-GD3BJ/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory. These comparisons show that protonated UDMH binds the proton at the methylated nitrogen atom (α) with two low-lying α conformers probably being populated. For (UDMH) 2 H + , the proton is shared between themore »methylated nitrogen atoms with several low-lying α conformers likely to be populated. Higher-lying conformers of (UDMH) 2 H + in which the proton is shared between α and β (unmethylated) nitrogen atoms cannot be ruled out on the basis of the IRPMD spectrum. For (N 2 H 4 ) 2 H + , there are four low-lying conformers that all reproduce the IRMPD spectrum reasonably well. As hydrazine and UDMH see usage as fuels for rocket engines, such spectra are potentially useful as a means of remotely monitoring rocket launches, especially in cases of unsuccessful launches where environmental hazards need to be assessed.« less
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