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  1. Abstract We compare the radial profiles of the specific star formation rate (sSFR) in a sample of 169 star-forming galaxies in close pairs with those of mass-matched control galaxies in the SDSS-IV MaNGA survey. We find that the sSFR is centrally enhanced (within one effective radius) in interacting galaxies by ∼0.3 dex and that there is a weak sSFR suppression in the outskirts of the galaxies of ∼0.1 dex. We stack the difference profiles for galaxies in five stellar-mass bins in the range log( M / M ⊙ ) = 9.0–11.5 and find that the sSFR enhancement has no dependencemore »on the stellar mass. The same result is obtained when comparison galaxies are matched to each paired galaxy in both stellar mass and redshift. In addition, we find that the sSFR enhancement is elevated in pairs with nearly equal masses and closer projected separations, in agreement with previous work based on single-fiber spectroscopy. We also find that the sSFR offsets in the outskirts of the paired galaxies are dependent on whether the galaxy is the more-massive or less-massive companion in the pair. The more-massive companion experiences zero to a positive sSFR enhancement, while the less-massive companion experiences sSFR suppression in their outskirts. Our results illustrate the complex tidal effects on star formation in closely paired galaxies.« less
  2. Abstract Laser wakefield accelerators promise to revolutionize many areas of accelerator science. However, one of the greatest challenges to their widespread adoption is the difficulty in control and optimization of the accelerator outputs due to coupling between input parameters and the dynamic evolution of the accelerating structure. Here, we use machine learning techniques to automate a 100 MeV-scale accelerator, which optimized its outputs by simultaneously varying up to six parameters including the spectral and spatial phase of the laser and the plasma density and length. Most notably, the model built by the algorithm enabled optimization of the laser evolution thatmore »might otherwise have been missed in single-variable scans. Subtle tuning of the laser pulse shape caused an 80% increase in electron beam charge, despite the pulse length changing by just 1%.« less