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Creators/Authors contains: "Atilla-Gokcumen, G. Ekin"

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  1. We have predicted acid dissociation constants (pKa), octanol–water partition coefficients (KOW), and DMPC lipid membrane–water partition coefficients (Klipid-w) of 150 different eight-carbon-containing poly-/perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (C8-PFCAs) utilizing the COnductor-like Screening MOdel for Realistic Solvents (COSMO-RS) theory. Different trends associated with functionalization, degree of fluorination, degree of saturation, degree of chlorination, and branching are discussed on the basis of the predicted values for the partition coefficients. In general, functionalization closest to the carboxylic headgroup had the greatest impact on the value of the predicted physicochemical properties. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 12, 2025
  2. Necroptosis is a type of programed cell death characterized by an inflammatory phenotype due to extensive membrane permeabilization and rupture. Initiation of necroptosis involves activation of tumor necrosis factor receptors by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) followed by coordinated activities of receptor-interacting protein kinases and mixed lineage kinase-like protein (MLKL). Subsequently, MLKL undergoes phosphorylation and translocates to the plasma membrane, leading to permeabilization. Such permeabilization results in the release of various cytokines and causes extensive inflammatory activity at the organismal level. This inflammatory activity is one of the major differences between apoptosis and necroptosis and links necroptosis to several human pathologies that exhibit inflammation, in addition to the ultimate cell death phenotype. Given the crosstalk between the activation of cell death pathway and inflammatory activity, approaches that provide insights on the regulation of transcripts, proteins and their processing at the global level have substantially improved our understanding of necroptosis and its involvement in different disease states. In this review, we highlight recent omic studies probing the transcriptome, proteome and lipidome which elucidate potential new mechanisms and signaling pathways during necroptosis and the necroptosis-associated inflammatory activity observed in various diseases. We specifically focus on studies investigating the transcriptome and intracellular and released proteome that contribute to inflammatory nature of necroptotic cells. We also highlight different lipids that have been implicated in necroptosis and lipidomic studies identifying lipid players in necroptosis. Finally, we review studies which suggest certain necroptosis-related genes as potential prognosis markers for different cancers and discuss their translational implications. 
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  3. Necroptosis is a type of programmed cell death. It is characterized by membrane permeabilization and is associated with the release of intracellular components due to compromised membrane integrity which induces a strong inflammatory response. We recently showed that the accumulation of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) contributes to membrane permeabilization during necroptosis. However, the mechanisms that result in the accumulation of these cytotoxic lipids remain unknown. Using comparative transcriptomics and digital PCR validations, we found that several target genes of sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) were upregulated during necroptosis, suggesting that they might be responsible for the accumulation of VLCFA in this process. We demonstrated that activation of SREBPs during necroptosis exacerbates the permeability of the plasma membrane and cell death. Consistent with these observations, targeting sterol regulatory element-binding protein cleavage-activating protein (SCAP), a protein involved in SREBP activation, reversed the accumulation of VLCFAs, and restored cell death and membrane permeabilization during necroptosis. Collectively, our results highlight a role for SREBP in regulating lipid changes during necroptosis and suggest SREBP-mediated lipid remodeling as a potential target for therapeutics to reduce membrane permeabilization during necroptosis. 
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  4. null (Ed.)