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  1. The translation of the solution phase, base-induced formation of a chromene-annulated chlorin from the corresponding meso-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)-2,3-dihydroxychlorin using a mechanochemical approach (ball milling) is possible, but fraught with unexpectedly large difficulties associated with the grinding aids used. 
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    Cobalt porphyrinoids find broad use as catalysts or electrode materials. Traditional solution state cobalt insertion reactions into a free base porphyrinoid to generate the corresponding cobalt complex generally require fairly harsh conditions, involving the heating of the reactants in high-boiling solvents for extended period of times. We report here an alternative method of cobalt insertion: A solvent-free (at least for the insertion step) mechanochemical method using a planetary ball mill with Co 2 (CO) 8 as a cobalt source. The scope and limits of the reaction were investigated with respect to the porphyrinic substrate susceptible to the reaction conditions, the influences of different grinding aids, and bases added. While the mechanochemical method is, like other metal insertion methods into porphyrinoids, not universally suitable for all substrates tested, it is faster, milder, and greener for several others, when compared to established solution-based methods. 
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  4. The platinum(II) complexes of known quinoline-annulated porphyrins were prepared and spectroscopically characterized. Their optical properties (UV-vis absorption and phosphorescence spectra and phosphorescence lifetimes) were recorded and contrasted against their 2,3-dioxoporphyrin precursor platinum(II) complex. The absorbance and emission spectra (in EtOH glass at 77 K) of the quinoline-annulated porphyrins fall within the NIR optical window of tissue, ranging, depending on the derivative, between [Formula: see text]950 and 1200 nm. The much red-shifted optical spectra, when compared to their non-quinoline-annulated precursors, are attributed to the [Formula: see text]-extension and conformational non-planarity that the annulation causes. The emission yields of the mono-quinoline-annulated derivatives are too low and their lifetimes too short to be practical emitters, but the bis-annulated derivative possesses a practical lifetime and emission yield, suggesting its further exploration, particularly since the methodology toward the solubilization of the quinoline-annulated porphyrins in biological media through derivatization is known. 
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