skip to main content


Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Bakhoda, Abolghasem Gus"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Commercially available benzophenone imine (HNCPh 2 ) reacts with β-diketiminato copper( ii ) tert -butoxide complexes [Cu II ]–O t Bu to form isolable copper( ii ) ketimides [Cu II ]–NCPh 2 . Structural characterization of the three coordinate copper( ii ) ketimide [Me 3 NN]Cu–NCPh 2 reveals a short Cu-N ketimide distance (1.700(2) Å) with a nearly linear Cu–N–C linkage (178.9(2)°). Copper( ii ) ketimides [Cu II ]–NCPh 2 readily capture alkyl radicals R˙ (PhCH(˙)Me and Cy˙) to form the corresponding R–NCPh 2 products in a process that competes with N–N coupling of copper( ii ) ketimides [Cu II ]–NCPh 2 to form the azine Ph 2 CN–NCPh 2 . Copper( ii ) ketimides [Cu II ]–NCAr 2 serve as intermediates in catalytic sp 3 C–H amination of substrates R–H with ketimines HNCAr 2 and t BuOO t Bu as oxidant to form N -alkyl ketimines R–NCAr 2 . This protocol enables the use of unactivated sp 3 C–H bonds to give R–NCAr 2 products easily converted to primary amines R–NH 2 via simple acidic deprotection. 
    more » « less
  2. null (Ed.)
  3. Abstract

    S‐Nitrosothiols (RSNOs) serve as air‐stable reservoirs for nitric oxide in biology. While copper enzymes promote NO release from RSNOs by serving as Lewis acids for intramolecular electron‐transfer, redox‐innocent Lewis acids separate these two functions to reveal the effect of coordination on structure and reactivity. The synthetic Lewis acid B(C6F5)3coordinates to the RSNO oxygen atom, leading to profound changes in the RSNO electronic structure and reactivity. Although RSNOs possess relatively negative reduction potentials, B(C6F5)3coordination increases their reduction potential by over 1 V into the physiologically accessible +0.1 V vs. NHE. Outer‐sphere chemical reduction gives the Lewis acid stabilized hyponitrite dianiontrans‐[LA‐O‐N=N‐O‐LA]2−[LA=B(C6F5)3], which releases N2O upon acidification. Mechanistic and computational studies support initial reduction to the [RSNO‐B(C6F5)3] radical anion, which is susceptible to N−N coupling prior to loss of RSSR.

     
    more » « less
  4. Abstract

    S‐Nitrosothiols (RSNOs) serve as air‐stable reservoirs for nitric oxide in biology. While copper enzymes promote NO release from RSNOs by serving as Lewis acids for intramolecular electron‐transfer, redox‐innocent Lewis acids separate these two functions to reveal the effect of coordination on structure and reactivity. The synthetic Lewis acid B(C6F5)3coordinates to the RSNO oxygen atom, leading to profound changes in the RSNO electronic structure and reactivity. Although RSNOs possess relatively negative reduction potentials, B(C6F5)3coordination increases their reduction potential by over 1 V into the physiologically accessible +0.1 V vs. NHE. Outer‐sphere chemical reduction gives the Lewis acid stabilized hyponitrite dianiontrans‐[LA‐O‐N=N‐O‐LA]2−[LA=B(C6F5)3], which releases N2O upon acidification. Mechanistic and computational studies support initial reduction to the [RSNO‐B(C6F5)3] radical anion, which is susceptible to N−N coupling prior to loss of RSSR.

     
    more » « less
  5. Abstract

    Undirected C(sp3)−H functionalization reactions often follow site‐selectivity patterns that mirror the corresponding C−H bond dissociation energies (BDEs). This often results in the functionalization of weaker tertiary C−H bonds in the presence of stronger secondary and primary bonds. An important, contemporary challenge is the development of catalyst systems capable of selectively functionalizing stronger primary and secondary C−H bonds over tertiary and benzylic C−H sites. Herein, we report a Cu catalyst that exhibits a high degree of primary and secondary over tertiary C−H bond selectivity in the amidation of linear and cyclic hydrocarbons with aroyl azides ArC(O)N3. Mechanistic and DFT studies indicate that C−H amidation involves H‐atom abstraction from R‐H substrates by nitrene intermediates [Cu](κ2N,O‐NC(O)Ar) to provide carbon‐based radicals R.and copper(II)amide intermediates [CuII]‐NHC(O)Ar that subsequently capture radicals R.to form products R‐NHC(O)Ar. These studies reveal important catalyst features required to achieve primary and secondary C−H amidation selectivity in the absence of directing groups.

     
    more » « less
  6. Abstract

    Undirected C(sp3)−H functionalization reactions often follow site‐selectivity patterns that mirror the corresponding C−H bond dissociation energies (BDEs). This often results in the functionalization of weaker tertiary C−H bonds in the presence of stronger secondary and primary bonds. An important, contemporary challenge is the development of catalyst systems capable of selectively functionalizing stronger primary and secondary C−H bonds over tertiary and benzylic C−H sites. Herein, we report a Cu catalyst that exhibits a high degree of primary and secondary over tertiary C−H bond selectivity in the amidation of linear and cyclic hydrocarbons with aroyl azides ArC(O)N3. Mechanistic and DFT studies indicate that C−H amidation involves H‐atom abstraction from R‐H substrates by nitrene intermediates [Cu](κ2N,O‐NC(O)Ar) to provide carbon‐based radicals R.and copper(II)amide intermediates [CuII]‐NHC(O)Ar that subsequently capture radicals R.to form products R‐NHC(O)Ar. These studies reveal important catalyst features required to achieve primary and secondary C−H amidation selectivity in the absence of directing groups.

     
    more » « less