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  1. Abstract Light-emitting electronic devices are ubiquitous in key areas of current technology, such as data communications, solid-state lighting, displays, and optical interconnects. Controlling the spectrum of the emitted light electrically, by simply acting on the device bias conditions, is an important goal with potential technological repercussions. However, identifying a material platform enabling broad electrical tuning of the spectrum of electroluminescent devices remains challenging. Here, we propose light-emitting field-effect transistors based on van der Waals interfaces of atomically thin semiconductors as a promising class of devices to achieve this goal. We demonstrate that large spectral changes in room-temperature electroluminescence can be controlled both at the device assembly stage –by suitably selecting the material forming the interfaces– and on-chip, by changing the bias to modify the device operation point. Even though the precise relation between device bias and kinetics of the radiative transitions remains to be understood, our experiments show that the physical mechanism responsible for light emission is robust, making these devices compatible with simple large areas device production methods.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 22, 2023
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  5. Abstract

    The possibility of high, room-temperature superconductivity was predicted for metallic hydrogen in the 1960s. However, metallization and superconductivity of hydrogen are yet to be unambiguously demonstrated and may require pressures as high as 5 million atmospheres. Rare earth based “superhydrides”, such as LaH10, can be considered as a close approximation of metallic hydrogen even though they form at moderately lower pressures. In superhydrides the predominance of H-H metallic bonds and high superconducting transition temperatures bear the hallmarks of metallic hydrogen. Still, experimental studies revealing the key factors controlling their superconductivity are scarce. Here, we report the pressure and magnetic field dependence of the superconducting order observed in LaH10. We determine that the high-symmetry high-temperature superconductingFm-3mphase of LaH10can be stabilized at substantially lower pressures than previously thought. We find a remarkable correlation between superconductivity and a structural instability indicating that lattice vibrations, responsible for the monoclinic structural distortions in LaH10, strongly affect the superconducting coupling.

  6. Abstract

    Whereas electron-phonon scattering relaxes the electron’s momentum in metals, a perpetual exchange of momentum between phonons and electrons may conserve total momentum and lead to a coupled electron-phonon liquid. Such a phase of matter could be a platform for observing electron hydrodynamics. Here we present evidence of an electron-phonon liquid in the transition metal ditetrelide, NbGe2, from three different experiments. First, quantum oscillations reveal an enhanced quasiparticle mass, which is unexpected in NbGe2with weak electron-electron correlations, hence pointing at electron-phonon interactions. Second, resistivity measurements exhibit a discrepancy between the experimental data and standard Fermi liquid calculations. Third, Raman scattering shows anomalous temperature dependences of the phonon linewidths that fit an empirical model based on phonon-electron coupling. We discuss structural factors, such as chiral symmetry, short metallic bonds, and a low-symmetry coordination environment as potential design principles for materials with coupled electron-phonon liquid.

  7. A wide variety of two-dimensional (2D) metal dichalcogenide compounds have recently attracted much research interest due to their very high photoresponsivities (R) making them excellent candidates for optoelectronic applications. High R in 2D photoconductors is associated to trap state dynamics leading to a photogating effect, which is often manifested by a fractional power dependence (γ) of the photocurrent (I ph ) when under an effective illumination intensity (P eff ). Here we present photoconductivity studies as a function of gate voltages, over a wide temperature range (20 K to 300 K) of field-effect transistors fabricated using thin layers of mechanically exfoliated rhenium diselenide (ReSe 2 ). We obtain very high responsivities R ~ 16500 A/W and external quantum efficiency (EQE) ~ 3.2 x 10 6 % (at 140 K, V g = 60 V and P eff = 0.2 nW). A strong correlation between R and γ was established by investigating the dependence of these two quantities at various gate voltages and over a wide range of temperature. Such correlations indicate the importance of trap state mediated photogating and its role in promoting high photo responsivities in these materials. We believe such correlations can offer valuable insights for the designmore »and development of high performance photoactive devices using 2D materials.« less