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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 13, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  3. Topological semimetals are predicted to exhibit unconventional electrodynamics, but a central experimental challenge is singling out the contributions from the topological bands. TaAs is the prototypical example, where 24 Weyl points and 8 trivial Fermi surfaces make the interpretation of any experiment in terms of band topology ambiguous. We report magneto-infrared reflection spectroscopy measurements on TaAs. We observed sharp inter-Landau level transitions from a single pocket of Weyl Fermions in magnetic fields as low as 0.4 tesla. We determine the W2 Weyl point to be 8.3 meV below the Fermi energy, corresponding to a quantum limit—the field required to reach the lowest LL—of 0.8 tesla—unprecedentedly low for Weyl Fermions. LL spectroscopy allows us to isolate these Weyl Fermions from all other carriers in TaAs, and our result provides a way for directly exploring the more exotic quantum phenomena in Weyl semimetals, such as the chiral anomaly.
  4. Abstract We present an extensive study of vortex dynamics in a high-quality single crystal of HgBa 2 CuO 4+ δ , a highly anisotropic superconductor that is a model system for studying the effects of anisotropy. From magnetization M measurements over a wide range of temperatures T and fields H , we construct a detailed vortex phase diagram. We find that the temperature-dependent vortex penetration field H p ( T ), second magnetization peak H smp ( T ), and irreversibility field H irr ( T ) all decay exponentially at low temperatures and exhibit an abrupt change in behavior at high temperatures T / T c  >~ 0.5. By measuring the rates of thermally activated vortex motion (creep) S ( T , H ) = | d ln M ( T , H )/ d ln t |, we reveal glassy behavior involving collective creep of bundles of 2D pancake vortices as well as temperature- and time-tuned crossovers from elastic (collective) dynamics to plastic flow. Based on the creep results, we show that the second magnetization peak coincides with the elastic-to-plastic crossover at low T , yet the mechanism changes at higher temperatures.
  5. Unambiguous identification of the superconducting order parameter symmetry inSr2RuO4has remained elusive for more than a quarter century. While a chiral p-wave ground state analogue to superfluid3He-A was ruled out only very recently, other proposed triplet-pairing scenarios are still viable. Establishing the condensate magnetic susceptibility reveals a sharp distinction between even-parity (singlet) and odd-parity (triplet) pairing since the superconducting condensate is magnetically polarizable only in the latter case. Here field-dependent17O Knight shift measurements, being sensitive to the spin polarization, are compared to previously reported specific heat measurements for the purpose of distinguishing the condensate contribution from that due to quasiparticles. We conclude that the shift results can be accounted for entirely by the expected field-induced quasiparticle response. An upper bound for the condensate magnetic response of <10% of the normal state susceptibility is sufficient to exclude all purely odd-parity candidates.

  6. The unusual correlated state that emerges in URu 2 Si 2 below T HO = 17.5 K is known as “hidden order” because even basic characteristics of the order parameter, such as its dimensionality (whether it has one component or two), are “hidden.” We use resonant ultrasound spectroscopy to measure the symmetry-resolved elastic anomalies across T HO . We observe no anomalies in the shear elastic moduli, providing strong thermodynamic evidence for a one-component order parameter. We develop a machine learning framework that reaches this conclusion directly from the raw data, even in a crystal that is too small for traditional resonant ultrasound. Our result rules out a broad class of theories of hidden order based on two-component order parameters, and constrains the nature of the fluctuations from which unconventional superconductivity emerges at lower temperature. Our machine learning framework is a powerful new tool for classifying the ubiquitous competing orders in correlated electron systems.
  7. Using inelastic X-ray scattering beyond the dipole limit and hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy we establish the dual nature of the U 5 f electrons in U M 2 S i 2 (M = Pd, Ni, Ru, Fe), regardless of their degree of delocalization. We have observed that the compounds have in common a local atomic-like state that is well described by the U 5 f 2 configuration with the Γ 1 ( 1 ) and Γ 2 quasi-doublet symmetry. The amount of the U 5 f 3 configuration, however, varies considerably across the U M 2 S i 2 series, indicating an increase of U 5f itineracy in going from M = Pd to Ni to Ru and to the Fe compound. The identified electronic states explain the formation of the very large ordered magnetic moments in U P d 2 S i 2 and U N i 2 S i 2 , the availability of orbital degrees of freedom needed for the hidden order in U R u 2 S i 2 to occur, as well as the appearance of Pauli paramagnetism in U F e 2 S i 2 . A unified and systematic picture of the Umore »M 2 S i 2 compounds may now be drawn, thereby providing suggestions for additional experiments to induce hidden order and/or superconductivity in U compounds with the tetragonal body-centered T h C r 2 S i 2 structure.« less