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Creators/Authors contains: "Bawendi, Moungi G."

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  1. Scalable fabrication of two-dimensional (2D) arrays of quantum dots (QDs) and quantum rods (QRs) with nanoscale precision is required for numerous device applications. However, self-assembly–based fabrication of such arrays using DNA origami typically suffers from low yield due to inefficient QD and QR DNA functionalization. In addition, it is challenging to organize solution-assembled DNA origami arrays on 2D device substrates while maintaining their structural fidelity. Here, we reduced manufacturing time from a few days to a few minutes by preparing high-density DNA-conjugated QDs/QRs from organic solution using a dehydration and rehydration process. We used a surface-assisted large-scale assembly (SALSA) method to construct 2D origami lattices directly on solid substrates to template QD and QR 2D arrays with orientational control, with overall loading yields exceeding 90%. Our fabrication approach enables the scalable, high fidelity manufacturing of 2D addressable QDs and QRs with nanoscale orientational and spacing control for functional 2D photonic devices.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 11, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 21, 2024
  3. null (Ed.)
    The multistep and continuous production of core–shell III–V semiconductor nanocrystals remains a technological challenge. We present a newly designed high-temperature and miniature continuous stirred-tank reactor cascade, for the continuous and scalable synthesis of InP/ZnS core–shell quantum dots with a safer aminophosphine precursor comparing to standard protocols involving (TMS) 3 P . The resulting InP/ZnS QDs exhibit emissions between 520 and 610 nm, narrow emission linewidths in the range of 46–64 nm and photoluminescence quantum yields up to 42%. 
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  4. Abstract

    Mechanistic studies of the morphology of lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (LHP‐NCs) are hampered by a lack of generalizable suitable synthetic strategies and ligand systems. Here, the synthesis of zwitterionic CsPbBr3NCs is presented with controlled anisotropy using a proposed “surface‐selective ligand pairs” strategy. Such a strategy provides a platform to systematically study the binding affinity of capping ligand pairs and the resulting LHP morphologies. By using zwitterionic ligands (ZwL) with varying structures, majority ZwL‐capped LHP NCs with controlled morphology are obtained, including anisotropic nanoplatelets and nanorods, for the first time. Combining experiments with density functional theory calculations, factors that govern the ligand binding on the different surface facets of LHP‐NCs are revealed, including the steric bulkiness of the ligand, the number of binding sites, and the charge distance between binding moieties. This study provides guidance for the further exploration of anisotropic LHP‐NCs.

     
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  5. Magnetic nanoparticles are robust contrast agents for MRI and often produce particularly strong signal changes per particle. Leveraging these effects to probe cellular- and molecular-level phenomena in tissue can, however, be hindered by the large sizes of typical nanoparticle contrast agents. To address this limitation, we introduce single-nanometer iron oxide (SNIO) particles that exhibit superparamagnetic properties in conjunction with hydrodynamic diameters comparable to small, highly diffusible imaging agents. These particles efficiently brighten the signal in T 1 -weighted MRI, producing per-molecule longitudinal relaxation enhancements over 10 times greater than conventional gadolinium-based contrast agents. We show that SNIOs permeate biological tissue effectively following injection into brain parenchyma or cerebrospinal fluid. We also demonstrate that SNIOs readily enter the brain following ultrasound-induced blood–brain barrier disruption, emulating the performance of a gadolinium agent and providing a basis for future biomedical applications. These results thus demonstrate a platform for MRI probe development that combines advantages of small-molecule imaging agents with the potency of nanoscale materials. 
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  6. Abstract

    Three general effective strategies are shown to mitigate nonradiative losses in the superradiant emission from supramolecular assemblies. J‐aggregates of 5,5′,6,6′‐tetrachloro‐1,1′‐diethyl‐3,3′‐di(4–sulfobutyl)‐benzimidazolocarbocyanine (TDBC) are used to elucidate the nature of nonradiative processes.  Self‐annealing at room temperature (RT), photo‐brightening, and purification of the dye monomers are shown to all lead to substantial increases in emission quantum yields (QYs) and a concomitant lengthening of the emission lifetime, with purification having the largest effect. Structural and optical measurements are used to support a microscopic model that emphasizes the deleterious effects of a small number of impurity and defect sites that serve as nonradiative recombination centers. This understanding has yielded a molecular fluorophore in solution at RT with an unprecedented combination of fast emissive lifetime and high QY. Superradiant emission with a QY of 82% and a lifetime of 174 ps is obtained from J‐aggregates of TDBC in solution at RT. This combination of high QY and fast lifetime at RT makes supramolecular assemblies of purified TDBC a model system for the study of fundamental superradiance phenomena. High QY J‐aggregates are uniquely suited for the development of applications that require high speed and high brightness fluorophores such as devices for high‐speed optical communication.

     
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