skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Beach, Geoffrey S."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Abstract

    Devices with locally-addressable and dynamically tunable optical properties underpin emerging technologies such as high-resolution reflective displays and dynamic holography. The optical properties of metals such as Y and Mg can be reversibly switched by hydrogen loading, and hydrogen-switched mirrors and plasmonic devices have been realized, but challenges remain to achieve electrical, localized and reversible control. Here we report a nanoscale solid-state proton switch that allows for electrical control of optical properties through electrochemical hydrogen gating. We demonstrate the generality and versatility of this approach by realizing tunability of a range of device characteristics including transmittance, interference color, and plasmonic resonance. We further discover and exploit a giant modulation of the effective refractive index of the gate dielectric. The simple gate structure permits device thickness down to ~20 nanometers, which can enable device scaling into the deep subwavelength regime, and has potential applications in addressable plasmonic devices and reconfigurable metamaterials.

  2. Abstract

    Rare‐earth iron garnets (REIG) have recently become the materials platform of choice for spintronic studies on ferrimagnetic insulators. However, thus far the materials studied have mainly been REIG with a single rare earth species such as thulium, yttrium, or terbium iron garnets. In this study, magnetometry, ferromagnetic resonance, and magneto‐optical Kerr effect imaging is used to explore the continuous variation of magnetic properties as a function of composition for YxTm3−xiron garnet (YxTm3−xIG) thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition on gadolinium gallium garnet substrates. It is reported that the tunability of the magnetic anisotropy energy, with full control achieved over the type of anisotropy (from perpendicular, to isotropic, to an in‐plane easy axis) on the same substrate. In addition, a nonmonotonic composition‐dependent anisotropy term is reported, which is ascribed to growth‐induced anisotropy similar to what is reported in garnet thin films grown by liquid‐phase epitaxy. Ferromagnetic resonance shows linear variation of the damping and the g‐factor across the composition range, consistent with prior theoretical work. Domain imaging reveals differences in reversal modes, remanant states, and domain sizes in YxTm3−xiron‐garnet thin films as a function of anisotropy.