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  1. Abstract Highly relaxed InGaN templates with an effective In-content of ∼10% that exhibit reduced V-pit density and an improved surface roughness are reported using the semibulk (SB) growth approach. This was achieved by the insertion of five period high temperature SB (HTSB) InGaN SB regions. This report demonstrates that better quality InGaN templates can be achieved by the insertion of HTSB within the templates, rather than by ending the templates with a superlattice structure or by refilling the pits with GaN interlayers. Three SB samples were grown with and without the HTSB layers. Using secondary-ion mass spectrometry, photoluminescence, and x-ray diffraction, the effective In-content of the templates was determined to be 9.6%, 5.8%, and 8.7%. Using atomic force microscopy, the surface roughness was found to improve from 4.4 to 1.7 nm by using the two HTSB regions, and the average V-pit density and depth improved from 7.6 × 10 −7 to 4.5 × 10 −7 cm −2 and 8.2 to 2.8 nm, respectively. Also, the maximum V-pit depth was reduced from about 30.5 nm to about 9.6 nm in the sample with the HTSB regions. Two LEDs were studied, one with both HTSB regions, and one with only the topmostmore »HTSB. The optical power density of the LED with both HTSB regions was 1.4 times higher at the peak injection current, displayed a ∼1.3 times higher external quantum efficiency peak, and a delay of the EQE droop onset. These results show that higher In-content SB templates can be improved with the implementation of a modified growth approach.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 13, 2023
  2. InGaN templates have recently attracted interest due to their ability to reduce strain in the quantum wells and to induce a red shift in the emission wavelength. For such technology to be competitive, it should outperform the traditional technology for LEDs grown on GaN substrates and offer improved output characteristics. InGaN based LEDs on InyGa1−yN templates with varying In-content of 8% ≤ y ≤ 12% are studied for the same emission wavelength. The electroluminescence, optical output power, and external quantum efficiency of the LEDs are investigated as a function of the In-content in the templates. LEDs on InGaN templates with In-content of 8–10% show better performance than LEDs grown on GaN. This enhancement is attributed to improved radiative recombination as a result of the reduced strain in the quantum wells. However, templates with In-content of ∼10.5% and ∼11% show inferior performance to the LEDs on GaN because the deterioration from the increased defects from the template is stronger than the improvement in the radiative recombination. It can be concluded that the InGaN templates with 8–10% offer a technology for LEDs that is outperforming the traditional GaN technology.

    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 22, 2023