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  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2024
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  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  6. A<sc>bstract</sc>

    Results are presented from a search for CP violation in top quark pair production, using proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data used for this analysis consist of final states with two charged leptons collected by the CMS experiment, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb1. The search uses two observables,$$ \mathcal{O} $$O1and$$ \mathcal{O} $$O3, which are Lorentz scalars. The observable$$ \mathcal{O} $$O1is constructed from the four-momenta of the charged leptons and the reconstructed top quarks, while$$ \mathcal{O} $$O3consists of the four-momenta of the charged leptons and the b quarks originating from the top quarks. Asymmetries in these observables are sensitive to CP violation, and their measurement is used to determine the chromoelectric dipole moment of the top quark. The results are consistent with the expectation from the standard model.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  7. Abstract

    The double differential cross sections of the Drell–Yan lepton pair ($$\ell ^+\ell ^-$$+-, dielectron or dimuon) production are measured as functions of the invariant mass$$m_{\ell \ell }$$m, transverse momentum$$p_{\textrm{T}} (\ell \ell )$$pT(), and$$\varphi ^{*}_{\eta }$$φη. The$$\varphi ^{*}_{\eta }$$φηobservable, derived from angular measurements of the leptons and highly correlated with$$p_{\textrm{T}} (\ell \ell )$$pT(), is used to probe the low-$$p_{\textrm{T}} (\ell \ell )$$pT()region in a complementary way. Dilepton masses up to 1$$\,\text {Te\hspace{-.08em}V}$$TeVare investigated. Additionally, a measurement is performed requiring at least one jet in the final state. To benefit from partial cancellation of the systematic uncertainty, the ratios of the differential cross sections for various$$m_{\ell \ell }$$mranges to those in the Z mass peak interval are presented. The collected data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36.3$$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$$fb-1of proton–proton collisions recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC at a centre-of-mass energy of 13$$\,\text {Te\hspace{-.08em}V}$$TeV. Measurements are compared with predictions based on perturbative quantum chromodynamics, including soft-gluon resummation.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  8. Abstract

    The selection of low-radioactive construction materials is of utmost importance for the success of low-energy rare event search experiments. Besides radioactive contaminants in the bulk, the emanation of radioactive radon atoms from material surfaces attains increasing relevance in the effort to further reduce the background of such experiments. In this work, we present the$$^{222}$$222Rn emanation measurements performed for the XENON1T dark matter experiment. Together with the bulk impurity screening campaign, the results enabled us to select the radio-purest construction materials, targeting a$$^{222}$$222Rn activity concentration of$$10\,\mathrm{\,}\upmu \mathrm{Bq}/\mathrm{kg}$$10μBq/kgin$$3.2\,\mathrm{t}$$3.2tof xenon. The knowledge of the distribution of the$$^{222}$$222Rn sources allowed us to selectively eliminate problematic components in the course of the experiment. The predictions from the emanation measurements were compared to data of the$$^{222}$$222Rn activity concentration in XENON1T. The final$$^{222}$$222Rn activity concentration of$$(4.5\pm 0.1)\,\mathrm{\,}\upmu \mathrm{Bq}/\mathrm{kg}$$(4.5±0.1)μBq/kgin the target of XENON1T is the lowest ever achieved in a xenon dark matter experiment.

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