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  1. To enable the practical use of skyrmion-based devices, it is essential to achieve a balance between energy efficiency and thermal stability while also ensuring reliable electrical detection against noise. Understanding how a skyrmion interacts with material disorder and external perturbations is thus essential. Here, we investigate the electronic noise of a single skyrmion under the influence of thermal fluctuations and spin currents in a magnetic thin film. We detect the thermally induced noise with a 1/ f Ī³ signature in the strong pinning regime but a random telegraph noise in the intermediate pinning regime. Both the thermally dominated and current induced telegraph like signals are detected in the weak pinning regime. Our results provide a comprehensive electronic noise picture of a single skyrmion, demonstrating the potential of noise fluctuation as a valuable tool for characterizing the pinning condition of a skyrmion. These insights could also aid in the development of low-noise and reliable skyrmion-based devices. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2024
  2. Spin textures, such as magnetic domain walls and skyrmions, have the potential to revolutionize electronic devices by encoding information bits. Although recent advancements in ferromagnetic films have led to promising device prototypes, their widespread implementation has been hindered by material-related drawbacks. Antiferromagnetic spin textures, however, offer a solution to many of these limitations, paving the way for faster, smaller, more energy-efficient, and more robust electronics. The functionality of synthetic antiferromagnets, comprised of two or more magnetic layers separated by spacers, may be easily manipulated by making use of different materials as well as interface engineering. In this Perspective article, we examine the challenges and opportunities presented by spin textures in synthetic antiferromagnets and propose possible directions and prospects for future research in this burgeoning field. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  3. Abstract

    Magnetic skyrmions are of great interest to both fundamental research andĀ applications in post-von-Neumann computing devices. The successful implementation of skyrmionic devices requires functionalities of skyrmions with effective controls. Here we show that the local dynamics of skyrmions, in contrast to the global dynamics of a skyrmion as a whole, can be introduced to provide effective functionalities for versatile computing. A single skyrmion interacting with local pinning centres under thermal effects can fluctuate in time and switch between a small-skyrmion and a large-skyrmion state, thereby serving as a robust true random number generator for probabilistic computing. Moreover, neighbouring skyrmions exhibit an anti-correlated coupling in their fluctuation dynamics. Both the switching probability and the dynamic coupling strength can be tuned by modifying the applied magnetic field and spin current. Our results could lead to progress in developing magnetic skyrmionic devices with high tunability and efficient controls.

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