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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2023
  2. Abstract We write down and characterize a large class of nonsingular multi-soliton solutions of the defocusing Davey–Stewartson II equation. In particular we study their asymptotics at space infinities as well as their interaction patterns in the xy -plane, and we identify several subclasses of solutions. Many of these solutions describe phenomena of soliton resonance and web structure. We identify a subclass of solutions that is the analogue of the soliton solutions of the Kadomtsev–Petviashvili II equation. In addition to this subclass, however, we show that more general solutions exist, describing phenomena that have no counterpart in the Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation, including V-shape solutions and soliton reconnection.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 7, 2023
  3. Abstract We characterize initial value problems for the defocusing Manakov system (coupled two-component nonlinear Schrödinger equation) with nonzero background and well-defined spatial parity symmetry (i.e., when each of the components of the solution is either even or odd), corresponding to boundary value problems on the half line with Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions at the origin. We identify the symmetries of the eigenfunctions arising from the spatial parity of the solution, and we determine the corresponding symmetries of the scattering data (reflection coefficients, discrete spectrum and norming constants). All parity induced symmetries are found to be more complicated than in the scalar (i.e., one-component) case. In particular, we show that the discrete eigenvalues giving rise to dark solitons arise in symmetric quartets, and those giving rise to dark–bright solitons in symmetric octets. We also characterize the differences between the purely even or purely odd case (in which both components are either even or odd functions of x ) and the ‘mixed parity’ cases (in which one component is even while the other is odd). Finally, we show how, in each case, the spatial symmetry yields a constraint on the possible existence of self-symmetric eigenvalues, corresponding to stationary solitons, and wemore »study the resulting behavior of solutions.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 30, 2023
  4. Resonant Y-shaped soliton solutions to the Kadomtsev–Petviashvili II (KPII) equation are modelled as shock solutions to an infinite family of modulation conservation laws. The fully two-dimensional soliton modulation equations, valid in the zero dispersion limit of the KPII equation, are demonstrated to reduce to a one-dimensional system. In this same limit, the rapid transition from the larger Y soliton stem to the two smaller legs limits to a travelling discontinuity. This discontinuity is a multivalued, weak solution satisfying modified Rankine–Hugoniot jump conditions for the one-dimensional modulation equations. These results are applied to analytically describe the dynamics of the Mach reflection problem, V-shaped initial conditions that correspond to a soliton incident upon an inward oblique corner. Modulation theory results show excellent agreement with direct KPII numerical simulation.
  5. A coherently pumped, passive cavity supports, in the normal dispersion regime, the propagation of still interlocked fronts or switching waves that form invariant localized temporal structures. We address theoretically the problem of the excitation of this type of wave packet. First, we map all the dynamical behaviors of the switching waves as a function of accessible parameters, namely, the cavity detuning and input energy deficiency, using box-like excitation of the intracavity field. Then we show how a good degree of control can be obtained by applying a negative or positive external pulsed excitation.

  6. The dynamics of initially truncated and bent line solitons for the Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (KPII) equation modelling internal and surface gravity waves is analysed using modulation theory. In contrast to previous studies on obliquely interacting solitons that develop from acute incidence angles, this work focuses on initial value problems for the obtuse incidence of two or three partial line solitons, which propagate away from one another. Despite counterpropagation, significant residual soliton interactions are observed with novel physical consequences. The initial value problem for a truncated line soliton – describing the emergence of a quasi-one-dimensional soliton from a wide channel – is shown to be related to the interaction of oblique solitons. Analytical descriptions for the development of weak and strong interactions are obtained in terms of interacting simple wave solutions of modulation equations for the local soliton amplitude and slope. In the weak interaction case, the long-time evolution of truncated and large obtuse angle solitons exhibits a decaying, parabolic wave profile with temporally increasing focal length that asymptotes to a cylindrical Korteweg–de Vries soliton. In contrast, the strong interaction case of slightly obtuse interacting solitons evolves into a steady, one-dimensional line soliton with amplitude reduced by an amount proportional to the incidencemore »slope. This strong interaction is identified with the ‘Mach expansion’ of a soliton with an expansive corner, contrasting with the well-known Mach reflection of a soliton with a compressive corner. Interestingly, the critical angles for Mach expansion and reflection are the same. Numerical simulations of the KPII equation quantitatively support the analytical findings.« less