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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
  2. We use polarization-resolved electronic Raman spectroscopy to study quadrupolar charge dynamics in a nonmagnetic F e S e 1 − x S x superconductor. We observe two types of long-wavelength X Y symmetry excitations: 1) a low-energy quasi-elastic scattering peak (QEP) and 2) a broad electronic continuum with a maximum at 55 meV. Below the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural transition at T S ( x ) , a pseudogap suppression with temperature dependence reminiscent of the nematic order parameter develops in the X Y symmetry spectra of the electronic excitation continuum. The QEP exhibits critical enhancement upon cooling toward T S ( x ) . The intensity of the QEP grows with increasing sulfur concentration x and maximizes near critical concentration x c r ≈ 0.16 , while the pseudogap size decreases with the suppression of T S ( x ) . We interpret the development of the pseudogap in the quadrupole scattering channel as a manifestation of transition from the non-Fermi liquid regime, dominated by strong Pomeranchuk-like fluctuations giving rise to intense electronic continuum of excitations in the fourfold symmetric high-temperature phase, to the Fermi liquid regime in the broken-symmetry nematic phase where the quadrupole fluctuations are suppressed.