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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 16, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 16, 2023
  3. DNA is strongly adsorbed on oxidized graphene surfaces in the presence of divalent cations. Here, we studied the effect of DNA adsorption on electrochemical charge transfer at few-layered, oxygen-functionalized graphene (GOx) electrodes. DNA adsorption on the inkjet-printed GOx electrodes caused amplified current response from ferro/ferricyanide redox probe at concentration range 1 aM–10 nM in differential pulse voltammetry. We studied a number of variables that may affect the current response of the interface: sequence type, conformation, concentration, length, and ionic strength. Later, we showed a proof-of-concept DNA biosensing application, which is free from chemical immobilization of the probe and sensitive at attomolar concentration regime. We propose that GOx electrodes promise a low-cost solution to fabricate a highly sensitive platform for label-free and chemisorption-free DNA biosensing.
  4. Parahydrogen-induced polarization (PHIP) is a powerful technique for studying hydrogenation reactions in gas and liquid phases. Pairwise addition of parahydrogen to the hydrogenation substrate imparts nuclear spin order to reaction products, manifested as enhanced 1 H NMR signals from the nascent proton sites. Nanoscale metal catalysts immobilized on supports comprise a promising class of catalysts for producing PHIP effects; however, on such catalysts the percentage of substrates undergoing the pairwise addition route—a necessary condition for observing PHIP—is usually low. In this paper, we present a systematic study of several metal catalysts (Rh, Pt, Pd, and Ir) supported on TiO 2 in liquid-phase hydrogenation of different prototypical phenylalkynes (phenylacetylene, 1-phenyl-1-propyne, and 3-phenyl-1-propyne) with parahydrogen. Catalyst activity and selectivity were found to be affected by both the nature of the active metal and the percentage of metal loading. It was demonstrated that the optimal catalyst for production of hyperpolarized products is Rh/TiO 2 with 4 wt% metal loading, whereas Pd/TiO 2 provided the greatest selectivity for semihydrogenation of phenylalkynes. In a study of liquid-phase hydrogenation reaction kinetics, it was shown that reaction order with respect to hydrogen is nearly the same for pairwise and non-pairwise H 2 addition—consistent with a similar naturemore »of the catalytically active sites for these reaction pathways.« less