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Creators/Authors contains: "Caballero, I. Gonzalez"

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  1. Abstract

    The mass of the top quark is measured in 36.3$$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$$fb-1of LHC proton–proton collision data collected with the CMS detector at$$\sqrt{s}=13\,\text {Te}\hspace{-.08em}\text {V} $$s=13TeV. The measurement uses a sample of top quark pair candidate events containing one isolated electron or muon and at least four jets in the final state. For each event, the mass is reconstructed from a kinematic fit of the decay products to a top quark pair hypothesis. A profile likelihood method is applied using up to four observables per event to extract the top quark mass. The top quark mass is measured to be$$171.77\pm 0.37\,\text {Ge}\hspace{-.08em}\text {V} $$171.77±0.37GeV. This approach significantly improves the precision over previous measurements.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2024
  3. Abstract

    A generic search is presented for the associated production of a Z boson or a photon with an additional unspecified massive particle X,$${\textrm{pp}}\rightarrow {\textrm{pp}} +{{\textrm{Z}}}/\upgamma +{{\textrm{X}}} $$pppp+Z/γ+X, in proton-tagged events from proton–proton collisions at$$\sqrt{s}=13\, \textrm{TeV}$$s=13TeV, recorded in 2017 with the CMS detector and the CMS-TOTEM precision proton spectrometer. The missing mass spectrum is analysed in the 600–1600 GeV range and a fit is performed to search for possible deviations from the background expectation. No significant excess in data with respect to the background predictions has been observed. Model-independent upper limits on the visible production cross section of$${\textrm{pp}}\rightarrow {\textrm{pp}} +{{\textrm{Z}}}/\upgamma +{{\textrm{X}}} $$pppp+Z/γ+Xare set.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2024
  4. Abstract The production of Z bosons associated with jets is measured in $$\text {p}\text {p}$$ pp collisions at $$\sqrt{s}=13\,\text {Te}\hspace{-.08em}\text {V} $$ s = 13 Te V with data recorded with the CMS experiment at the LHC corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.3 $$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$$ fb - 1 . The multiplicity of jets with transverse momentum $$p_{\textrm{T}} > 30\,\text {Ge}\hspace{-.08em}\text {V} $$ p T > 30 Ge V is measured for different regions of the Z boson’s $$p_{\textrm{T}} (\text {Z })$$ p T ( Z ) , from lower than 10 $$\,\text {Ge}\hspace{-.08em}\text {V}$$ Ge V to higher than 100 $$\,\text {Ge}\hspace{-.08em}\text {V}$$ Ge V . The azimuthal correlation $$\varDelta \phi $$ Δ ϕ between the Z boson and the leading jet, as well as the correlations between the two leading jets are measured in three regions of $$p_{\textrm{T}} (\text {Z })$$ p T ( Z ) . The measurements are compared with several predictions at leading and next-to-leading orders, interfaced with parton showers. Predictions based on transverse-momentum dependent parton distributions and corresponding parton showers give a good description of the measurement in the regions where multiple parton interactions and higher jet multiplicities are not important. The effects of multiple parton interactions are shown to be important to correctly describe the measured spectra in the low $$p_{\textrm{T}} (\text {Z })$$ p T ( Z ) regions. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  6. Abstract Multijet events at large transverse momentum ( $$p_{\textrm{T}}$$ p T ) are measured at $$\sqrt{s}=13\,\text {TeV} $$ s = 13 TeV using data recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $$36.3{\,\text {fb}^{-1}} $$ 36.3 fb - 1 . The multiplicity of jets with $$p_{\textrm{T}} >50\,\text {GeV} $$ p T > 50 GeV that are produced in association with a high- $$p_{\textrm{T}}$$ p T dijet system is measured in various ranges of the $$p_{\textrm{T}}$$ p T of the jet with the highest transverse momentum and as a function of the azimuthal angle difference $$\varDelta \phi _{1,2}$$ Δ ϕ 1 , 2 between the two highest $$p_{\textrm{T}}$$ p T jets in the dijet system. The differential production cross sections are measured as a function of the transverse momenta of the four highest $$p_{\textrm{T}}$$ p T jets. The measurements are compared with leading and next-to-leading order matrix element calculations supplemented with simulations of parton shower, hadronization, and multiparton interactions. In addition, the measurements are compared with next-to-leading order matrix element calculations combined with transverse-momentum dependent parton densities and transverse-momentum dependent parton shower. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  7. Abstract

    A search is reported for pairs of light Higgs bosons ($${\textrm{H}} _1$$H1) produced in supersymmetric cascade decays in final states with small missing transverse momentum. A data set of LHC$$\hbox {pp}$$ppcollisions collected with the CMS detector at$$\sqrt{s}=13\,\text {TeV} $$s=13TeVand corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138$$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$$fb-1is used. The search targets events where both$${\textrm{H}} _1$$H1bosons decay into Equation missing<#comment/>pairs that are reconstructed as large-radius jets using substructure techniques. No evidence is found for an excess of events beyond the background expectations of the standard model (SM). Results from the search are interpreted in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric extension of the SM, where a “singlino” of small mass leads to squark and gluino cascade decays that can predominantly end in a highly Lorentz-boosted singlet-like$${\textrm{H}} _1$$H1and a singlino-like neutralino of small transverse momentum. Upper limits are set on the product of the squark or gluino pair production cross section and the square of the Equation missing<#comment/>branching fraction of the$${\textrm{H}} _1$$H1in a benchmark model containing almost mass-degenerate gluinos and light-flavour squarks. Under the assumption of an SM-like Equation missing<#comment/>branching fraction,$${\textrm{H}} _1$$H1bosons with masses in the range 40–120$$\,\text {GeV}$$GeVarising from the decays of squarks or gluinos with a mass of 1200–2500$$\,\text {GeV}$$GeVare excluded at 95% confidence level.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  8. Abstract

    Measurements of Higgs boson production, where the Higgs boson decays into a pair of$$\uptau $$τleptons, are presented, using a sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the CMS experiment at a center-of-mass energy of Equation missing<#comment/>, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138$$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$$fb-1. Three analyses are presented. Two are targeting Higgs boson production via gluon fusion and vector boson fusion: a neural network based analysis and an analysis based on an event categorization optimized on the ratio of signal over background events. These are complemented by an analysis targeting vector boson associated Higgs boson production. Results are presented in the form of signal strengths relative to the standard model predictions and products of cross sections and branching fraction to$$\uptau $$τleptons, in up to 16 different kinematic regions. For the simultaneous measurements of the neural network based analysis and the analysis targeting vector boson associated Higgs boson production signal strengths are found to be$$0.82\pm 0.11$$0.82±0.11for inclusive Higgs boson production,$$0.67\pm 0.19$$0.67±0.19($$0.81\pm 0.17$$0.81±0.17) for the production mainly via gluon fusion (vector boson fusion), and$$1.79\pm 0.45$$1.79±0.45for vector boson associated Higgs boson production.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  9. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  10. Abstract

    The double differential cross sections of the Drell–Yan lepton pair ($$\ell ^+\ell ^-$$+-, dielectron or dimuon) production are measured as functions of the invariant mass$$m_{\ell \ell }$$m, transverse momentum$$p_{\textrm{T}} (\ell \ell )$$pT(), and$$\varphi ^{*}_{\eta }$$φη. The$$\varphi ^{*}_{\eta }$$φηobservable, derived from angular measurements of the leptons and highly correlated with$$p_{\textrm{T}} (\ell \ell )$$pT(), is used to probe the low-$$p_{\textrm{T}} (\ell \ell )$$pT()region in a complementary way. Dilepton masses up to 1$$\,\text {Te\hspace{-.08em}V}$$TeVare investigated. Additionally, a measurement is performed requiring at least one jet in the final state. To benefit from partial cancellation of the systematic uncertainty, the ratios of the differential cross sections for various$$m_{\ell \ell }$$mranges to those in the Z mass peak interval are presented. The collected data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36.3$$\,\text {fb}^{-1}$$fb-1of proton–proton collisions recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC at a centre-of-mass energy of 13$$\,\text {Te\hspace{-.08em}V}$$TeV. Measurements are compared with predictions based on perturbative quantum chromodynamics, including soft-gluon resummation.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024