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  1. Abstract Since the initial discovery of gravitational waves in 2015, significant developments have been made towards waveform interpretation and estimation of compact binary source parameters. We present herein an implementation of the generalized precession parameter ⟨ χ p ⟩ [Gerosa et al 2021], which averages over all angular variations on the precession timescale, within the RIFT parameter estimation framework. Relative to the precession parameter χ p , which characterizes the single largest dynamical spin in a binary, ⟨ χ p ⟩ has a unique domain 1 < ⟨ χ p ⟩ < 2, which is exclusive to binaries with two precessingmore »spins. After reviewing the physical differences between these two parameters, we describe how ⟨ χ p ⟩ was implemented in RIFT and apply it to all 36 events from the second half of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo third observing run (O3b). In O3b, ten events show significant amounts of precession ⟨ χ p ⟩ > 0.5. Of particular interest is GW191109_010717; we show it has a ∼ 28 % probability that the originating system necessarily contains two misaligned spins.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 24, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 8, 2023