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  1. With the unprecedented rise in traffic demand and mobile subscribers, real-time fine-grained optimization frameworks are crucial for the future of cellular networks. Indeed, rigid and inflexible infrastructures are incapable of adapting to the massive amounts of data forecast for 5G networks. Network softwarization, i.e., the approach of controlling “everything” via software, endows the network with unprecedented flexibility, allowing it to run optimization and machine learning-based frame- works for flexible adaptation to current network conditions and traffic demand. This work presents QCell, a Deep Q-Network- based optimization framework for softwarized cellular networks. QCell dynamically allocates slicing and scheduling resources to themore »network base stations adapting to varying interference con- ditions and traffic patterns. QCell is prototyped on Colosseum, the world’s largest network emulator, and tested in a variety of network conditions and scenarios. Our experimental results show that using QCell significantly improves user’s throughput (up to 37.6%) and the size of transmission queues (up to 11.9%), decreasing service latency.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 7, 2022
  2. A surface array of radio antennas will enhance the performance of the IceTop array and enable new, complementary science goals. First, the accuracy for cosmic-ray air showers will be increased since the radio array provides a calorimetric measurement of the electromagnetic component and is sensitive to the position of the shower maximum. This enhanced accuracy can be used to better measure the mass composition, to search for possible mass-dependent anisotropies in the arrival directions of cosmic rays, and for more thorough tests of hadronic interaction models. Second, the sensitivity of the radio array to inclined showers will increase the skymore »coverage for cosmic-ray measurements. Third, the radio array can be used to search for PeV photons from the Galactic Center. Since IceTop is planned to be enhanced by a scintillator array in the near future, a radio extension sharing the same infrastructure can be installed with minimal additional effort and excellent scientific prospects. The combination of ice-Cherenkov, scintillation, and radio detectors at IceCube will provide unprecedented accuracy for the study of highenergy Galactic cosmic rays.« less