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  1. Abstract Premise Pollen movement is a crucial component of dispersal in seed plants. Although pollen dispersal is well studied, methodological constraints have made it challenging to directly track pollen flow within multiple populations across landscapes. We labeled pollen with quantum dots, a new technique that overcomes past limitations, to evaluate the spatial scale of pollen dispersal and its relationship with conspecific density within 11 populations of Clarkia xantiana subsp. xantiana , a bee‐pollinated annual plant. Methods We used experimental arrays in two years to track pollen movement across distances of 5–35 m within nine populations and across distances of 10–70 m within two additional populations. We tested for distance decay of pollen dispersal, whether conspecific density modulated dispersal distance, and whether dispersal kernels varied among populations across an environmentally complex landscape. Results Labeled pollen receipt did not decline with distance over 35 m within eight of nine populations or over 70 m within either of two populations. Pollen receipt increased with conspecific density. Overall, dispersal kernels were consistent across populations. Conclusions The surprising uniformity in dispersal distance within different populations was likely influenced by low precipitation and plant density in our study years. This suggests that spatiotemporal variation in the abiotic environment substantially influences the extent of gene flow within and among populations. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024