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Creators/Authors contains: "Chamseddine, Ali H."

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  1. Abstract

    We study numerically the curvature tensor in a three-dimensional discrete space. Starting from the continuous metric of a three-sphere, we transformed it into a discrete space using three integers$$n_1, n_2$$n1,n2, and$$n_3$$n3. The numerical results are compared with the expected values in the continuous limit. We show that as the number of cells in the lattice increases, the continuous limit is recovered.

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  2. Abstract We give an overview of the applications of noncommutative geometry to physics. Our focus is entirely on the conceptual ideas, rather than on the underlying technicalities. Starting historically from the Heisenberg relations, we will explain how in general noncommutativity yields a canonical time evolution, while at the same time allowing for the coexistence of discrete and continuous variables. The spectral approach to geometry is then explained to encompass two natural ingredients: the line element and the algebra. The relation between these two is dictated by so-called higher Heisenberg relations, from which both spin geometry and non-abelian gauge theory emerges. Our exposition indicates some of the applications in physics, including Pati–Salam unification beyond the Standard Model, the criticality of dimension 4, second quantization and entropy. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 26, 2024
  3. Abstract

    We focus on studying, numerically, the scalar curvature tensor in a two-dimensional discrete space. The continuous metric of a two-sphere is transformed into that of a lattice using two possible slicings. In the first, we use two integers, while in the second we consider the case where one of the coordinates is ignorable. The numerical results of both cases are then compared with the expected values in the continuous limit as the number of cells of the lattice becomes very large.

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  4. The 1.5 formalism played a key role in the discovery of supergravity and it has been used to prove the invariance of essentially all supergravity theories under local supersymmetry. It emerged from the gauging of the super Poincaré group to find supergravity. We review both of these developments as well as the auxiliary fields for simple supergravity and its most general coupling to matter using the tensor calculus. 
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  5. Abstract We formulate a supersymmetric version of gravity with mimetic dark matter. The coupling of a constrained chiral multiplet to $$N = 1$$ N = 1 supergravity is made locally supersymmetric using the rules of tensor calculus. The chiral multiplet is constrained with a Lagrange multiplier multiplet that could be either a chiral multiplet or a linear multiplet. We obtain the fully supersymmetric Lagrangians in both cases. It is then shown that the system consisting of the supergravity multiplet, the chiral multiplet and the Lagrange multiplier multiplet can break supersymmetry spontaneously leading to a model of a graviton, massive gravitino and two scalar fields representing mimetic dark matter. The combination of the chiral multiplet and Lagrange multiplier multiplet can act as the hidden sector breaking local $$N = 1$$ N = 1 supersymmetry. 
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  6. A bstract We assume that the points in volumes smaller than an elementary volume (which may have a Planck size) are indistinguishable in any physical experiment. This naturally leads to a picture of a discrete space with a finite number of degrees of freedom per elementary volume. In such discrete spaces, each elementary cell is completely characterized by displacement operators connecting a cell to the neighboring cells and by the spin connection. We define the torsion and curvature of the discrete spaces and show that in the limiting case of vanishing elementary volume the standard results for the continuous curved differentiable manifolds are completely reproduced. 
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  7. null (Ed.)
    Abstract Quantization of the noncommutative geometric spectral action has so far been performed on the final component form of the action where all traces over the Dirac matrices and symmetry algebra are carried out. In this work, in order to preserve the noncommutative geometric structure of the formalism, we derive the quantization rules for propagators and vertices in matrix form. We show that the results in the case of a product of a four-dimensional Euclidean manifold by a finite space, could be cast in the form of that of a Yang–Mills theory. We illustrate the procedure for the toy electroweak model. 
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