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  1. We present a comparative study of the tribological properties of Pd-, Pt-, and Zr-based bulk metallic glasses (BMG-Pd, BMG-Pt, and BMG-Zr, respectively) under unlubricated conditions. In particular, micro-tribometry is utilized with a 52,100 steel ball, showing that BMG-Pt exhibits a significantly higher coefficient of friction (COF) (0.58 ± 0.08) when compared with BMG-Pd (0.30 ± 0.02) and BMG-Zr (0.20 ± 0.03). Topographical roughness on and off wear scars is characterized via atomic force microscopy (AFM), with results that do not correlate with the observed frictional behavior. On the other hand, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is utilized to reveal contrasting wearmore »mechanisms for the three samples: while BMG-Pd and BMG-Zr exhibit predominantly abrasive wear, there is evidence of adhesive wear on BMG-Pt. Consequently, the occurrence of adhesive wear emerges as a potential mechanism behind the observation of relatively high coefficients of friction on BMG-Pt, suggesting stronger interactions with steel when compared with the other BMG samples.« less
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  6. Abstract The coherent photoproduction of $$\mathrm{J}/\psi $$ J / ψ and $${\uppsi '}$$ ψ ′ mesons was measured in ultra-peripheral Pb–Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy $$\sqrt{s_{\mathrm {NN}}}~=~5.02$$ s NN = 5.02  TeV  with the ALICE detector. Charmonia are detected in the central rapidity region for events where the hadronic interactions are strongly suppressed. The $$\mathrm{J}/\psi $$ J / ψ is reconstructed using the dilepton ( $$l^{+} l^{-}$$ l + l - ) and proton–antiproton decay channels, while for the $${\uppsi '}$$ ψ ′   the dilepton and the $$l^{+} l^{-} \pi ^{+} \pi ^{-}$$ l + l - πmore »+ π - decay channels are studied. The analysis is based on an event sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 233 $$\mu {\mathrm{b}}^{-1}$$ μ b - 1 . The results are compared with theoretical models for coherent $$\mathrm{J}/\psi $$ J / ψ and $${\uppsi '}$$ ψ ′ photoproduction. The coherent cross section is found to be in a good agreement with models incorporating moderate nuclear gluon shadowing of about 0.64 at a Bjorken- x of around $$6\times 10^{-4}$$ 6 × 10 - 4 , such as the EPS09 parametrization, however none of the models is able to fully describe the rapidity dependence of the coherent $$\mathrm{J}/\psi $$ J / ψ cross section including ALICE measurements at forward rapidity. The ratio of $${\uppsi '}$$ ψ ′ to $$\mathrm{J}/\psi $$ J / ψ coherent photoproduction cross sections was also measured and found to be consistent with the one for photoproduction off protons.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2022