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  1. Externally heated diamond anvil cells provide a stable and uniform thermal environment, making them a versatile device to simultaneously generate high-pressure and high-temperature conditions in various fields of research, such as condensed matter physics, materials science, chemistry, and geosciences. The present study features the Externally Heated Diamond ANvil Cell Experimentation (EH-DANCE) system, a versatile configuration consisting of a diamond anvil cell with a customized microheater for stable resistive heating, bidirectional pressure control facilitated by compression and decompression membranes, and a water-cooled enclosure suitable for vacuum and controlled atmospheres. This integrated system excels with its precise control of both pressure and temperature for mineral and materials science research under extreme conditions. We showcase the capabilities of the system through its successful application in the investigation of the melting temperature and thermal equation of state of high-pressure ice-VII at temperatures up to 1400 K. The system was also used to measure the elastic properties of solid ice-VII and liquid H2O using Brillouin scattering and Raman spectra of carbonates using Raman spectroscopy, highlighting the potential of the EH-DANCE system in high-pressure research.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  2. CsYbSe2 has an ideal triangular-lattice geometry with pronounced two-dimensionality, pseudospin-1/2 nature, and the absence of structural disorder. These excellent characteristics favor a quantum spin-liquid realization in this material. In this work, we applied quasihydrostatic compression methods to explore the structural behaviors. Our study reveals that CsYbSe2 undergoes a structural transition around 24 GPa, accompanied by a large volume collapse of ΔV /V0∼13%. The ambient hexagonal structure with the space group P63/mmcis lowered to the tetragonal structure (P4/mmm) under high pressure. Meanwhile, the color of CsYbSe2 changes gradually from red to black before the transition. Dramatic pressure-induced changes are clarified by the electronic structure calculations from the first principles, which indicate that the initial insulating ground state turns metallic in a squeezed lattice. These findings highlight Yb-based dichalcogenide delafossites as an intriguing material to probe novel quantum effects under high pressure. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 21, 2024
  3. - (Ed.)
    Brillouin scattering spectroscopy has been used to obtain an accurate (<1%) ρ-P equation of state (EOS) of 1:1 and 9:1 H2-He molar mixtures from 0.5 to 5.4 GPa at 296 K. Our calculated equations of state indicate close agreement with the experimental data right to the freezing pressure of hydrogen at 5.4 GPa. The measured velocities agree on average, within 0.5%, of an ideal mixing model. The ρ-P EOSs presented have a standard deviation of under 0.3% from the measured densities and under 1% deviation from ideal mixing. A detailed discussion of the accuracy, precision, and sources of error in the measurement and analyses of our equations of state is presented. 
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  4. Abstract

    Quantifying how grain size and/or deviatoric stress impact (Mg,Fe)2SiO4phase stability is critical for advancing our understanding of subduction processes and deep-focus earthquakes. Here, we demonstrate that well-resolved X-ray diffraction patterns can be obtained on nano-grained thin films within laser-heated diamond anvil cells (DACs) at hydrostatic pressures up to 24 GPa and temperatures up to 2300 K. Combined with well-established literature processes for tuning thin film grain size, biaxial stress, and substrate identity, these results suggest that DAC-loaded thin films can be useful for determining how grain size, deviatoric stress, and/or the coexistence of other phases influence high-pressure phase stability. As such, this novel DAC-loaded thin film approach may find use in a variety of earth science, planetary science, solid-state physics, and materials science applications.

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  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  6. - (Ed.)
    We employed high-pressure Brillouin scattering to study the pressure dependencies of acoustic modes of glycerol up to 14 GPa at 300 K. We observed longitudinal acoustic velocities and transverse acoustic velocities for the first time from 5 to 14 GPa. The results allow the determination of a complete set of elastic properties and an accurate determination of the pressure–volume (P–V) equation of state (EOS). EOS parameters, K0 = 14.9 ± 1.8 GPa and K′0 = 5.6 ± 0.5, were determined from fits to the data from ambient pressure to 14 GPa. Direct volume measurements of the P–V EOS are consistent with those determined by Brillouin scattering. A deviation from a Cauchy-like relationship for elastic properties was observed, and the pressure dependencies of the photoelastic constants and relaxation times were documented from 5 to 14 GPa. These results have broad implications for glass-forming liquids, viscoelastic theory, and mode coupling theory. 
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  7. Abstract The post-stishovite transition is a classic pseudo-proper typed ferroelastic transition with a symmetry-breaking spontaneous strain. This transition has been studied using high-pressure spontaneous strains, optic modes, and elastic moduli (Cij) based on the Landau modeling, but its atomistic information and structural distortion remain poorly understood. Here we have conducted synchrotron single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements on stishovite crystals up to 75.3 GPa in a diamond-anvil cell. Analysis of the data reveals atomic positions, bond lengths, bond angles, and variations of SiO6 octahedra across the transition at high pressure. Our results show that the O coordinates split at ~51.4 GPa, where the apical and equatorial Si-O bond lengths cross over, the SiO6 octahedral distortion vanishes, and the SiO6 octahedra start to rotate about the c axis. Moreover, distortion mode analysis shows that an in-plane stretching distortion (GM1+ mode) occurs in the stishovite structure at high pressure while a rotational distortion (GM2+ mode) becomes dominant in the post-stishovite structure. These results are used to correlate with elastic moduli and Landau parameters (symmetry-breaking strain e1–e2 and order parameter Q) to provide atomistic insight into the ferroelastic transition. When the bond lengths of two Si-O bonds are equal due to the contribution from the GM1+ stretching mode, C11 converges with C12, and the shear wave VS1[110] polarizing along [110] and propagating along [110] vanishes. Values of e1–e2 and Q are proportional to the SiO6 rotation angle from the occurrence of the GM1+ rotational mode in the post-stishovite structure. Our results on the pseudo-proper type transition are also compared with that for the proper type in albite and improper type in CaSiO3 perovskite. The symmetry-breaking strain, in all these types of transitions, arises as the primary effect from the structural angle (such as SiO6 rotation or lattice constant angle) and its relevant distortion mode in the low-symmetry ferroelastic phase. 
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