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Maximal Independent Set (MIS) is one of the fundamental problems in distributed computing. The round (time) complexity of distributed MIS has traditionally focused on the worstcase time for all nodes to finish. The bestknown (randomized) MIS algorithms take O(log n) worstcase rounds on general graphs (where n is the number of nodes). Breaking the O(log n) worstcase bound has been a longstanding open problem, while currently the bestknown lower bound is [EQUATION] rounds. Motivated by the goal to reduce total energy consumption in energyconstrained networks such as sensor and ad hoc wireless networks, we take an alternative approach to measuring performance. We focus on minimizing the total (or equivalently, the average) time for all nodes to finish. It is not clear whether the currently bestknown algorithms yield constantround (or even o(log n)) nodeaveraged round complexity for MIS in general graphs. We posit the sleeping model, a generalization of the traditional model, that allows nodes to enter either "sleep" or "waking" states at any round. While waking state corresponds to the default state in the traditional model, in sleeping state a node is "offline", i.e., it does not send or receive messages (and messages sent to it are dropped as well)more »

We study smoothed analysis of distributed graph algorithms, focusing on the fundamental minimum spanning tree (MST) problem. With the goal of studying the time complexity of distributed MST as a function of the "perturbation" of the input graph, we posit a smoothing model that is parameterized by a smoothing parameter 0 ≤ ϵ(n) ≤ 1 which controls the amount of random edges that can be added to an input graph G per round. Informally, ϵ(n) is the probability (typically a small function of n, e.g., n¼) that a random edge can be added to a node per round. The added random edges, once they are added, can be used (only) for communication. We show upper and lower bounds on the time complexity of distributed MST in the above smoothing model. We present a distributed algorithm that, with high probability, 1 computes an MST and runs in Õ(min{1/√ϵ(n)2O(√log n), D+ √n}) rounds2 where ϵ is the smoothing parameter, D is the network diameter and n is the network size. To complement our upper bound, we also show a lower bound of Ω(min{1/√ϵ(n), D + √n}). We note that the upper and lower bounds essentially match except for a multiplicative 2O(√log n)more »