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  1. This work provides the design of a multifocal display that can create a dense stack of focal planes in a single shot. We achieve this using a novel computational lens that provides spatial selectivity in its focal length, i.e, the lens appears to have different focal lengths across points on a display behind it. This enables a multifocal display via an appropriate selection of the spatially-varying focal length, thereby avoiding time multiplexing techniques that are associated with traditional focus tunable lenses. The idea central to this design is a modification of a Lohmann lens, a focus tunable lens created with two cubic phase plates that translate relative to each other. Using optical relays and a phase spatial light modulator, we replace the physical translation of the cubic plates with an optical one, while simultaneously allowing for different pixels on the display to undergo different amounts of translations and, consequently, different focal lengths. We refer to this design as a Split-Lohmann multifocal display. Split-Lohmann displays provide a large étendue as well as high spatial and depth resolutions; the absence of time multiplexing and the extremely light computational footprint for content processing makes it suitable for video and interactive experiences. Using a lab prototype, we show results over a wide range of static, dynamic, and interactive 3D scenes, showcasing high visual quality over a large working range. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 26, 2024
  3. We exploit memory effect correlations in speckles for the imaging of incoherent fluorescent sources behind scattering tissue. These correlations are often weak when imaging thick scattering tissues and complex illumination patterns, both of which greatly limit the practicality of associated techniques. In this work, we introduce a spatial light modulator between the tissue sample and the imaging sensor and capture multiple modulations of the speckle pattern. We show that by correctly designing the modulation patterns and the associated reconstruction algorithm, statistical correlations in the measurements can be greatly enhanced. We exploit this to demonstrate the reconstruction of mega-pixel sized fluorescent patterns behind the scattering tissue.

     
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  4. null (Ed.)
  5. Few-shot classification aims to learn a classifier to recognize unseen classes during training with limited labeled examples. While significant progress has been made, the growing complexity of network designs, meta-learning algorithms, and differences in implementation details make a fair comparison difficult. In this paper, we present 1) a consistent comparative analysis of several representative few-shot classification algorithms, with results showing that deeper backbones significantly reduce the gap across methods when domain differences are limited, 2) a slightly modified baseline method that surprisingly achieves competitive performance when compared with the state-of-the-art on both the mini-ImageNet and the CUB datasets, and 3) a new experimental setting for evaluating the cross-domain generalization ability for few-shot classification algorithms. Our results reveal that reducing intra-class variation is an important factor when the feature backbone is shallow, but not as critical when using deeper backbones. In a realistic, cross-domain evaluation setting, we show that a baseline method with a standard fine-tuning practice compares favorably against other state-of-the-art few-shot learning algorithms. 
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