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  1. Abstract

    Haldane topological materials contain unique antiferromagnetic chains with symmetry-protected energy gaps. Such materials have potential applications in spintronics and future quantum computers. Haldane topological solids typically consist of spin-1 chains embedded in extended three-dimensional (3D) crystal structures. Here, we demonstrate that [Ni(μ−4,4′-bipyridine)(μ-oxalate)]n(NiBO) instead adopts a two-dimensional (2D) metal-organic framework (MOF) structure of Ni2+spin-1 chains weakly linked by 4,4′-bipyridine. NiBO exhibits Haldane topological properties with a gap between the singlet ground state and the triplet excited state. The latter is split by weak axial and rhombic anisotropies. Several experimental probes, including single-crystal X-ray diffraction, variable-temperature powder neutron diffraction (VT-PND), VT inelastic neutron scattering (VT-INS), DC susceptibility and specific heat measurements, high-field electron spin resonance, and unbiased quantum Monte Carlo simulations, provide a detailed, comprehensive characterization of NiBO. Vibrational (also known as phonon) properties of NiBO have been probed by INS and density-functional theory (DFT) calculations, indicating the absence of phonons near magnetic excitations in NiBO, suppressing spin-phonon coupling. The work here demonstrates that NiBO is indeed a rare 2D-MOF Haldane topological material.

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  2. Abstract Bosonic Dirac materials are testbeds for dissipationless spin-based electronics. In the quasi two-dimensional honeycomb lattice of CrX 3 (X = Cl, Br, I), Dirac magnons have been predicted at the crossing of acoustical and optical spin waves, analogous to Dirac fermions in graphene. Here we show that, distinct from CrBr 3 and CrI 3 , gapless Dirac magnons are present in bulk CrCl 3 , with inelastic neutron scattering intensity at low temperatures approaching zero at the Dirac K point. Upon warming, magnon-magnon interactions induce strong renormalization and decreased lifetimes, with a ~25% softening of the upper magnon branch intensity from 5 to 50 K, though magnon features persist well above T N . Moreover, on cooling below ~50 K, an anomalous increase in the a -axis lattice constant and a hardening of a ~26 meV phonon feature are observed, indicating magnetoelastic and spin-phonon coupling arising from an increase in the in-plane spin correlations that begins tens of Kelvin above T N . 
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  3. null (Ed.)
    Heat management in catalysis is limited by each material's heat transfer efficiencies, resulting in energy losses despite current thermal engineering strategies. In contrast, induction heating of magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) generates heat at the surface of the catalyst where the reaction occurs, reducing waste heat via dissipation. However, the synthesis of magnetic NPs with optimal heat generation requires interfacial ligands, such as oleic acid, which act as heat sinks. Surface treatments using tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAOH) or pyridine are used to remove these ligands before applications in hydrophilic media. In this study, Fe3O4 NPs are surface treated to study the effect of induction heating on the catalytic oxidation of 1‐octanol. Whereas TMAOH was unsuccessful in removing oleic acid, pyridine treatment resulted in a roughly 2.5‐fold increase in heat generation and product yield. Therefore, efficient surfactant removal has profound implications in induction heating catalysis by increasing the heat transfer and available surface sites. 
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  4. null (Ed.)
  5. Hydrogen-containing materials are of fundamental as well as technological interest. An outstanding question for both is the amount of hydrogen that can be incorporated in such materials, because that determines dramatically their physical properties such as electronic and crystalline structure. The number of hydrogen atoms in a metal is controlled by the interaction of hydrogens with the metal and by the hydrogen–hydrogen interactions. It is well established that the minimal possible hydrogen–hydrogen distances in conventional metal hydrides are around 2.1 Å under ambient conditions, although closer H–H distances are possible for materials under high pressure. We present inelastic neutron scattering measurements on hydrogen in Z r V 2 H x showing nonexpected scattering at low-energy transfer. The analysis of the spectra reveals that these spectral features in part originate from hydrogen vibrations confined by neighboring hydrogen at distances as short as 1.6 Å. These distances are much smaller than those found in related hydrides, thereby violating the so-called Switendick criterion. The results have implications for the design and creation of hydrides with additional properties and applications. 
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