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  1. Using low-temperature cathodoluminescence spectroscopy, we study the properties of N- and Al-polar AlN layers grown by molecular beam epitaxy on bulk AlN{0001}. Compared with the bulk AlN substrate, layers of both polarities feature a suppression of deep-level luminescence, a total absence of the prevalent donor with an exciton binding energy of 28 meV, and a much increased intensity of the emission from free excitons. The dominant donor in these layers is characterized by an associated exciton binding energy of 13 meV. The observation of excited exciton states up to the exciton continuum allows us to directly extract the Γ5 free exciton binding energy of 57 meV. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
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    For more than a century, Classical Nucleation Theory (CNT) has been used to explain the process of crystallization in supersaturated solutions. According to CNT, nucleation is a single-step process that occurs via monomer-by-monomer addition. However, recent findings from experiments and numerical simulations have shown that nucleation is a multi-step process that occurs via more complex pathways that involve intermediate species such as ion complexes, dense liquid precursors, or even nanocrystals. Such non-classical pathways observed in protein solutions, colloidal suspensions and electrolytes are reviewed in this paper. The formation of stable Pre-nucleation Clusters (PNCs) in the crystallization of biominerals is also discussed. In spite of the mounting evidence for non-classical nucleation behaviors, the knowledge about the structural evolution of the intermediate phases and their role in polymorph selection is still limited. It has also been observed that gravitational force interferes with the crystallization behavior of materials thereby posing limitation to ground-based experiments. Microgravity conditions, coupled with containerless processing techniques provide a suitable alternative to overcome these limitations. 
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  3. Abstract Recent rapid thinning of West Antarctic ice shelves are believed to be caused by intrusions of warm deep water that induce basal melting and seaward meltwater export. This study uses data from three bottom-mounted mooring arrays to show seasonal variability and local forcing for the currents moving into and out of the Dotson ice shelf cavity. A southward flow of warm, salty water had maximum current velocities along the eastern channel slope, while northward outflows of freshened ice shelf meltwater spread at intermediate depth above the western slope. The inflow correlated with the local ocean surface stress curl. At the western slope, meltwater outflows followed the warm influx along the eastern slope with a ~2–3 month delay. Ocean circulation near Dotson Ice Shelf, affected by sea ice distribution and wind, appears to significantly control the inflow of warm water and subsequent ice shelf melting on seasonal time-scales. 
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  4. We report controlled silicon doping of Ga2O3 grown in plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Adding an endplate to the Si effusion cell enables the control of the mobile carrier density, leading to over 5-orders of magnitude change in the electrical resistivity. Room temperature mobilities >100  cm2/V s are achieved, with a peak value >125  cm2/V s at a doping density of low-1017/cm3. Temperature-dependent Hall effect measurements exhibit carrier freeze out for samples doped below the Mott criterion. A mobility of 390  cm2/V s is observed at 97  K.

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  5. null (Ed.)
  6. Abstract A search for highly electrically charged objects (HECOs) and magnetic monopoles is presented using 2.2 $$\hbox {fb}{^{-1}}$$ fb - 1 of $$p-p$$ p - p collision data taken at a centre of mass energy (E $$_{CM}$$ CM ) of 8 TeV by the MoEDAL detector during LHC’s Run-1. The data were collected using MoEDAL’s prototype Nuclear Track Detectord array and the Trapping Detector array. The results are interpreted in terms of Drell–Yan pair production of stable HECO and monopole pairs with three spin hypotheses (0, 1/2 and 1). The search provides constraints on the direct production of magnetic monopoles carrying one to four Dirac magnetic charges and with mass limits ranging from 590 GeV/c $$^{2}$$ 2 to 1 TeV/c $$^{2}$$ 2 . Additionally, mass limits are placed on HECOs with charge in the range 10 e to 180 e , where e is the charge of an electron, for masses between 30 GeV/c $$^{2}$$ 2 and 1 TeV/c $$^{2}$$ 2 . 
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