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Creators/Authors contains: "Clementi, Cecilia"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 4, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 14, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 22, 2023
  4. The vibrational spectra of condensed and gas-phase systems are influenced by thequantum-mechanical behavior of light nuclei. Full-dimensional simulations of approximate quantum dynamics are possible thanks to the imaginary time path-integral (PI) formulation of quantum statistical mechanics, albeit at a high computational cost which increases sharply with decreasing temperature. By leveraging advances in machine-learned coarse-graining, we develop a PI method with the reduced computational cost of a classical simulation. We also propose a simple temperature elevation scheme to significantly attenuate the artifacts of standard PI approaches as well as eliminate the unfavorable temperature scaling of the computational cost. We illustrate the approach, by calculating vibrational spectra using standard models of water molecules and bulk water, demonstrating significant computational savings and dramatically improved accuracy compared to more expensive reference approaches. Our simple, efficient, and accurate method has prospects for routine calculations of vibrational spectra for a wide range of molecular systems - with an explicit treatment of the quantum nature of nuclei.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 14, 2023
  5. Abstract

    The increasing interest in modeling the dynamics of ever larger proteins has revealed a fundamental problem with models that describe the molecular system as being in a global configuration state. This notion limits our ability to gather sufficient statistics of state probabilities or state-to-state transitions because for large molecular systems the number of metastable states grows exponentially with size. In this manuscript, we approach this challenge by introducing a method that combines our recent progress on independent Markov decomposition (IMD) with VAMPnets, a deep learning approach to Markov modeling. We establish a training objective that quantifies how well a given decomposition of the molecular system into independent subdomains with Markovian dynamics approximates the overall dynamics. By constructing an end-to-end learning framework, the decomposition into such subdomains and their individual Markov state models are simultaneously learned, providing a data-efficient and easily interpretable summary of the complex system dynamics. While learning the dynamical coupling between Markovian subdomains is still an open issue, the present results are a significant step towards learning Ising models of large molecular complexes from simulation data.

  6. The reduction of high-dimensional systems to effective models on a smaller set of variables is an essential task in many areas of science. For stochastic dynamics governed by diffusion processes, a general procedure to find effective equations is the conditioning approach. In this paper, we are interested in the spectrum of the generator of the resulting effective dynamics, and how it compares to the spectrum of the full generator. We prove a new relative error bound in terms of the eigenfunction approximation error for reversible systems. We also present numerical examples indicating that, if Kramers–Moyal (KM) type approximations are used to compute the spectrum of the reduced generator, it seems largely insensitive to the time window used for the KM estimators. We analyze the implications of these observations for systems driven by underdamped Langevin dynamics, and show how meaningful effective dynamics can be defined in this setting.
  7. null (Ed.)