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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2025
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 28, 2024
  3. Spontaneous Ge6O8cluster formation under ambient conditions using dispersion enhanced aryloxo ligands.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 18, 2024
  4. Abstract

    The phenomenon of non-reciprocal critical current in a Josephson device, termed the Josephson diode effect, has garnered much recent interest. Realization of the diode effect requires inversion symmetry breaking, typically obtained by spin-orbit interactions. Here we report observation of the Josephson diode effect in a three-terminal Josephson device based upon an InAs quantum well two-dimensional electron gas proximitized by an epitaxial aluminum superconducting layer. We demonstrate that the diode efficiency in our devices can be tuned by a small out-of-plane magnetic field or by electrostatic gating. We show that the Josephson diode effect in these devices is a consequence of the artificial realization of a current-phase relation that contains higher harmonics. We also show nonlinear DC intermodulation and simultaneous two-signal rectification, enabled by the multi-terminal nature of the devices. Furthermore, we show that the diode effect is an inherent property of multi-terminal Josephson devices, establishing an immediately scalable approach by which potential applications of the Josephson diode effect can be realized, agnostic to the underlying material platform. These Josephson devices may also serve as gate-tunable building blocks in designing topologically protected qubits.

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  5. Abstract

    The Andreev bound state spectra of multi-terminal Josephson junctions form an artificial band structure, which is predicted to host tunable topological phases under certain conditions. However, the number of conductance modes between the terminals of a multi-terminal Josephson junction must be few in order for this spectrum to be experimentally accessible. In this work, we employ a quantum point contact geometry in three-terminal Josephson devices to demonstrate independent control of conductance modes between each pair of terminals and access to the single-mode regime coexistent with the presence of superconducting coupling. These results establish a full platform on which to realize tunable Andreev bound state spectra in multi-terminal Josephson junctions.

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  6. Abstract

    The first assortment of achiral pentafluorosulfanylated cyclobutanes (SF5‐CBs) are now synthetically accessible through strain‐release functionalization of [1.1.0]bicyclobutanes (BCBs) using SF5Cl. Methods for both chloropentafluorosulfanylation and hydropentafluorosulfanylation of sulfone‐based BCBs are detailed herein, as well as proof‐of‐concept that the logic extends to tetrafluoro(aryl)sulfanylation, tetrafluoro(trifluoromethyl)sulfanylation, and three‐component pentafluorosulfanylation reactions. The methods presented enable isolation of bothsynandantiisomers of SF5‐CBs, but we also demonstrate that this innate selectivity can be overridden in chloropentafluorosulfanylation; that is, ananti‐stereoselective variant of SF5Cl addition across sulfone‐based BCBs can be achieved by using inexpensive copper salt additives. Considering the SF5group and CBs have been employed individually as nonclassical bioisosteres, structural aspects of these unique SF5‐CB “hybrid isosteres” were then contextualized using SC‐XRD. From a mechanistic standpoint, chloropentafluorosulfanylation ostensibly proceeds through a curiouspolarity mismatchaddition of electrophilic SF5radicals to the electrophilic sites of the BCBs. Upon examining carbonyl‐containing BCBs, we also observed rare instances whereby radical addition to the 1‐position of a BCB occurs. The nature of the key C(sp3)−SF5bond formation step – among other mechanistic features of the methods we disclose – was investigated experimentally and with DFT calculations. Lastly, we demonstrate compatibility of SF5‐CBs with various downstream functionalizations.

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