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  1. We present some recent developments on the nuclear many-body problem, such as the treatment of high-order correlations and finite temperature in the description of in-medium two-nucleon propagators. In this work we discuss two-time propagators of the particle-hole type, which describe the response of finite nuclei to external probes without nucleon transfer. The general theory is formulated in terms of the equation of motion method for these propagators with the only input from the bare nucleon-nucleon interaction. The numerical implementation was performed on the basis of the effective mason-nucleon Lagrangian in order to study the energy-dependent kernels of different complexity. The finite-temperature extension of the theory with ph ⊗ phonon configurations is applied to a study of the multipole response of medium-mass nuclei.
  2. The distribution of the spin-dipole strengths in 16 O and neutrino-induced reactions on 16 O areinvestigated by shell-model calculations with new shell-model Hamiltonians. Chargedcurrent and neutral-current reactioncross sections are valuated in various particle and γ emission channels as well as the total ones at neutrinoenergies up to Eν≈ 100 MeV. Effects of multiparticle emission channels, especially the αp emission channels, on nucleosynthesis of 11 B and 11 C in core-collapse supernova explosions are investigated. The MSW neutrino oscillation effects oncharged-current reaction cross sections are investigated for future supernova burst. Electron capture rates for a forbidden transition 20 Ne(O g.s. + ) → 20 F(2 g.s. + ) in stellar environments are evaluated by the multipole expansion method with the use of shell model Hamiltonians, and compared with those obtained by a prescription that treats the transition as an allowed GamowTeller (GT) transition. Different electron energy dependence of the transition strengths between the two methods is found to lead to sizable differences in the weak rates of the two methods.