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  1. In large agent-based models, it is difficult to identify the correlate system-level dynamics with individuallevel attributes. In this paper, we use inverse reinforcement learning to estimate compact representations of behaviors in large-scale pandemic simulations in the form of reward functions. We illustrate the capacity and performance of these representations identifying agent-level attributes that correlate with the emerging dynamics of large-scale multi-agent systems. Our experiments use BESSIE, an ABM for COVID-like epidemic processes, where agents make sequential decisions (e.g., use PPE/refrain from activities) based on observations (e.g., number of mask wearing people) collected when visiting locations to conduct their activities. The IRL-based reformulations of simulation outputs perform significantly better in classification of agent-level attributes than direct classification of decision trajectories and are thus more capable of determining agent-level attributes with definitive role in the collective behavior of the system. We anticipate that this IRL-based approach is broadly applicable to general ABMs. 
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