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  1. Adaptive bitrate (ABR) algorithms aim to make optimal bitrate decisions in dynamically changing network conditions to ensure a high quality of experience (QoE) for the users during video streaming. However, most of the existing ABRs share the limitations of predefined rules and incorrect assumptions about streaming parameters. They also come short to consider the perceived quality in their QoE model, target higher bitrates regardless, and ignore the corresponding energy consumption. This joint approach results in additional energy consumption and becomes a burden, especially for mobile device users. This paper proposes GreenABR, a new deep reinforcement learning-based ABR scheme that optimizes the energy consumption during video streaming without sacrificing the user QoE. GreenABR employs a standard perceived quality metric, VMAF, and real power measurements collected through a streaming application. GreenABR's deep reinforcement learning model makes no assumptions about the streaming environment and learns how to adapt to the dynamically changing conditions in a wide range of real network scenarios. GreenABR outperforms the existing state-of-the-art ABR algorithms by saving up to 57% in streaming energy consumption and 60% in data consumption while achieving up to 22% more perceptual QoE due to up to 84% less rebuffering time and near-zero capacity violations. 
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  2. Recently, there has been renewed interest in data-driven control, that is, the design of controllers directly from observed data. In the case of linear time-invariant (LTI) systems, several approaches have been proposed that lead to tractable optimization problems. On the other hand, the case of nonlinear dynamics is considerably less developed, with existing approaches limited to at most rational dynamics and requiring the solution to a computationally expensive Sum of Squares (SoS) optimization. Since SoS problems typically scale combinatorially with the size of the problem, these approaches are limited to relatively low order systems. In this paper, we propose an alternative, based on the use of state-dependent representations. This idea allows for synthesizing data-driven controllers by solving at each time step an on-line optimization problem whose complexity is comparable to the LTI case. Further, the proposed approach is not limited to rational dynamics. The main result of the paper shows that the feasibility of this on-line optimization problem guarantees that the proposed controller renders the origin a globally asymptotically stable equilibrium point of the closed-loop system. These results are illustrated with some simple examples. The paper concludes by briefly discussing the prospects for adding performance criteria. 
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  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2024
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2024
  5. This paper proposes a data-driven framework to address the worst-case estimation problem for switched discrete-time linear systems based solely on the measured data (input & output) and an ℓ ∞ bound over the noise. We start with the problem of designing a worst-case optimal estimator for a single system and show that this problem can be recast as a rank minimization problem and efficiently solved using standard relaxations of rank. Then we extend these results to the switched case. Our main result shows that, when the mode variable is known, the problem can be solved proceeding in a similar manner. To address the case where the mode variable is unmeasurable, we impose the hybrid decoupling constraint(HDC) in order to reformulate the original problem as a polynomial optimization which can be reduced to a tractable convex optimization using moments-based techniques. 
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