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  1. Optimization of charge generation in polymer blends is crucial for the fabrication of highly efficient polymer solar cells. While the impacts of the polymer chemical structure, energy alignment, and interface on charge generation have been well studied, not much is known about the impact of polymer aggregation on charge generation. Here, we studied the impact of aggregation on charge generation using transient absorption spectroscopy, neutron scattering, and atomic force microscopy. Our measurements indicate that the 1,8-diiodooctane additive can change the aggregation behavior of poly(benzodithiophene-alt-dithienyl difluorobenzotriazole (PBnDT-FTAZ) and phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM)polymer blends and impact the charge generation process. Our observations show that the charge generation can be optimized by tuning the aggregation in polymer blends, which can be beneficial for the design of highly efficient fullerene-based organic photovoltaic devices. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    A novel pyranine derivative, Et HPTA-OH, was synthesized via the substitution of the anionic sulfonate groups with neutral diethylsulfonamide groups. The photophysical and photochemical properties of Et HPTA-OH were studied using photoluminescence quenching and transient absorption spectroscopy. The singlet state of Et HPTA-OH was found to be highly photoacidic (p K a * = 8.74 in acetonitrile). A series of aniline and pyridine bases were used to investigate excited-state proton transfer (ESPT) from singlet Et HPTA-OH, and rate constants for singlet quenching via ESPT were determined ( k q = 5.18 × 10 9 to 1.05 × 10 10 M −1 s −1 ). Et HPTA-OH was also found to exhibit a long-lived triplet state which reacts through a triplet–triplet annihilation (TTA) process to reform singlet Et HPTA-OH on timescales of up to 80 μs. Detection of ESPT photoproducts on timescales comparable to that of TTA singlet regeneration provides strong evidence for photoacidic behavior stemming from the regenerated singlet Et HPTA-OH. 
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  3. Abstract

    Searching for a connection between the two‐electron redox behavior of Group‐14 elements and their possible use as platforms for the photoreductive elimination of chlorine, we have studied the photochemistry of [(o‐(Ph2P)C6H4)2GeIVCl2]PtIICl2and [(o‐(Ph2P)C6H4)2ClGeIII]PtIIICl3, two newly isolated isomeric complexes. These studies show that, in the presence of a chlorine trap, both isomers convert cleanly into the platinum germyl complex [(o‐(Ph2P)C6H4)2ClGeIII]PtICl with quantum yields of 1.7 % and 3.2 % for the GeIV–PtIIand GeIII–PtIIIisomers, respectively. Conversion of the GeIV–PtIIisomer into the platinum germyl complex is a rare example of a light‐induced transition‐metal/main‐group‐element bond‐forming process. Finally, transient‐absorption‐spectroscopy studies carried out on the GeIII–PtIIIisomer point to a ligand arene–Cl.charge‐transfer complex as an intermediate.

     
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  4. Abstract

    Searching for a connection between the two‐electron redox behavior of Group‐14 elements and their possible use as platforms for the photoreductive elimination of chlorine, we have studied the photochemistry of [(o‐(Ph2P)C6H4)2GeIVCl2]PtIICl2and [(o‐(Ph2P)C6H4)2ClGeIII]PtIIICl3, two newly isolated isomeric complexes. These studies show that, in the presence of a chlorine trap, both isomers convert cleanly into the platinum germyl complex [(o‐(Ph2P)C6H4)2ClGeIII]PtICl with quantum yields of 1.7 % and 3.2 % for the GeIV–PtIIand GeIII–PtIIIisomers, respectively. Conversion of the GeIV–PtIIisomer into the platinum germyl complex is a rare example of a light‐induced transition‐metal/main‐group‐element bond‐forming process. Finally, transient‐absorption‐spectroscopy studies carried out on the GeIII–PtIIIisomer point to a ligand arene–Cl.charge‐transfer complex as an intermediate.

     
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  5. Abstract

    Lead halide perovskites have recently attracted intensive attention as competitive alternative candidates of legacy compound materials CdTe, CdZnTe, and TlBr for high sensitivity energy‐resolving gamma‐ray detection at room temperature. However, the use of lead in these lead halide perovskites, which is necessary for increasing the stopping power of gamma radiation, poses a serious environmental concern due to the high toxicity of lead. In this regard, environmental‐friendly perovskite‐based gamma‐ray detector materials with key energy‐resolving capabilities are highly desired. Here, the gamma energy‐resolving performance of a new class of all‐inorganic and lead‐free Cs2AgBiBr6double perovskite single crystals (SCs) is reported. Two types of Cs2AgBiBr6SCs, prepared by Bi‐normal and Bi‐poor precursor solutions, respectively, have been grown. Their mobilities and response to gamma radiation are presented. Density of trap states in Bi‐poor Cs2AgBiBr6SCs (2.65 × 109 cm−3) is one order of magnitude lower than that in Bi‐normal Cs2AgBiBr6SCs (3.85 × 1010 cm−3). Using laser‐induced photocurrent measurements, the obtained mobility–lifetime (μ–τ) product in Bi‐poor Cs2AgBiBr6SCs is 1.47 × 10−3 cm2 V−1, indicating their great potentials for gamma‐ray detection. Further, the fabricated detector based on Bi‐poor Cs2AgBiBr6SC shows response to 59.5 keV gamma‐ray with an energy resolution of 13.91%.

     
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  6. Abstract

    Understanding the correlation between polymer aggregation, miscibility, and device performance is important to establish a set of chemistry design rules for donor polymers with nonfullerene acceptors (NFAs). Employing a donor polymer with strong temperature‐dependent aggregation, namely PffBT4T‐2OD [poly[(5,6‐difluoro‐2,1,3‐benzothiadiazol‐4,7‐diyl)‐alt‐(3,3″′‐di(2‐octyldodecyl)‐2,2′;5′,2″;5″,2″′‐quaterthiophen‐5,5‐diyl)], also known as PCE‐11 as a base polymer, five copolymer derivatives having a different thiophene linker composition are blended with the common NFA O‐IDTBR to investigate their photovoltaic performance. While the donor polymers have similar optoelectronic properties, it is found that the device power conversion efficiency changes drastically from 1.8% to 8.7% as a function of thiophene content in the donor polymer. Results of structural characterization show that polymer aggregation and miscibility with O‐IDTBR are a strong function of the chemical composition, leading to different donor–acceptor blend morphology. Polymers having a strong tendency to aggregate are found to undergo fast aggregation prior to liquid–liquid phase separation and have a higher miscibility with NFA. These properties result in smaller mixed donor–acceptor domains, stronger PL quenching, and more efficient exciton dissociation in the resulting cells. This work indicates the importance of both polymer aggregation and donor–acceptor interaction on the formation of bulk heterojunctions in polymer:NFA blends.

     
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