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  1. Abstract

    Ising superconductivity, observed in NbSe2and similar materials, has generated tremendous interest. Recently, attention was called to the possible role that spin fluctuations (SF) play in this phenomenon, in addition to the dominant electron–phonon coupling (EPC); the possibility of a predominantly triplet state was discussed and led to a conjecture of viable singlet–triplet Leggett oscillations. However, these hypotheses have not been put to a quantitative test. In this paper, we report first principle calculations of the EPC and also estimate coupling with SF, including full momentum dependence. We find that: (1) EPC is strongly anisotropic, largely coming from the$$K-{K}^{{\prime} }$$KKscattering, and therefore excludes triplet symmetry even as an excited state; (2) superconductivity is substantially weakened by SF, but anisotropy remains as above; and, (3) we do find the possibility of a Leggett mode, not in a singlet–triplet but in ans++s±channel.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  5. Can active forces be exploited to drive the consistent collapse of an active polymer into a folded structure? In this paper, we introduce and perform numerical simulations of a simple model of active colloidal folders and show that a judicious inclusion of active forces into a stiff colloidal chain can generate designable and reconfigurable two-dimensional folded structures. The key feature is to organize the forces perpendicular to the chain backbone according to specific patterns (sequences). We characterize the physical properties of this model and perform, using a number of numerical techniques, an in-depth statistical analysis of structure and dynamics of the emerging conformations. We discovered a number of interesting features, including the existence of a direct correspondence between the sequence of the active forces and the structure of folded conformations, and we discover the existence of an ensemble of highly mobile compact structures capable of moving from conformation to conformation. Finally, akin to protein design problems, we discuss a method that is capable of designing specific target folds by sampling over sequences of active forces.