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Creators/Authors contains: "Davenport, James R."

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  1. Abstract

    Fast yellow pulsating supergiants (FYPS) are a recently discovered class of evolved massive pulsators. As candidate supergiant objects, and one of the few classes of pulsating evolved massive stars, these objects have incredible potential to change our understanding of the structure and evolution of massive stars. Here we examine the lightcurves of a sample of 126 cool supergiants in the Magellanic Clouds observed by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite in order to identify pulsating stars. After making quality cuts and filtering out contaminant objects, we examine the distribution of pulsating stars in the Hertzprung–Russel (HR) diagram, and find that FYPS occupy a region abovelogL/L5.0. This luminosity boundary corresponds to stars with initial masses of ∼18–20M, consistent with the most massive red supergiant progenitors of supernovae (SNe) II-P, as well as the observed properties of SNe IIb progenitors. This threshold is in agreement with the picture that FYPS are post-RSG stars. Finally, we characterize the behavior of FYPS pulsations as a function of their location in the HR diagram. We find low-frequency pulsations at higher effective temperatures, and higher-frequency pulsations at lower temperatures, with a transition between the two behaviors at intermediate temperatures. The observed propertiesmore »of FYPS make them fascinating objects for future theoretical study.

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  2. Abstract

    We present 370 candidate eclipsing binaries (EBs), identified from ∼510,000 short cadence TESS light curves. Our statistical criteria identify 5105 light curves with features consistent with eclipses (∼1% of the initial sample). After visual confirmation of the light curves, we have a final sample of 2288 EB candidates. Among these, we find 370 sources that were not included in the catalog recently published by Prša et al. We publish our full sample of 370 new EB candidates, and statistical features used for their identification, reported per observation sector.

  3. Abstract

    Stellar variability is a limiting factor for planet detection and characterization, particularly around active M-type stars. Here we revisit one of the most active stars from the Kepler mission, the M4 star GJ 1243, and use a sample of 414 flare events from 11 months of 1-minute cadence light curves to study the empirical morphology of white-light stellar flares. We use a Gaussian process detrending technique to account for the underlying starspots. We present an improved analytic, continuous flare template that is generated by stacking the flares onto a scaled time and amplitude and uses a Markov Chain Monte Carlo analysis to fit the model. Our model is defined using classical flare events but can also be used to model complex, multipeaked flare events. We demonstrate the utility of our model using TESS data at the 10-minute, 2-minute, and 20 s cadence modes. Our new flare model code is made publicly available on GitHub.5