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Creators/Authors contains: "Dickie, Diane A."

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 13, 2025
  2. The catalytic reduction of dioxygen (O2) is important in biological energy conversion and alternative energy applications. In comparison to Fe- and Co-based systems, examples of catalytic O2 reduction by homogeneous Mn-based systems is relatively sparse. Motivated by this lack of knowledge, two Mn-based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) containing a bipyridine-based non-porphyrinic ligand framework have been developed to evaluate how pendent proton donor relays alter activity and selectivity for the ORR, where Mn(p-tbudhbpy)Cl (1) was used as a control complex and Mn(nPrdhbpy)Cl (2) contains a pendent –OMe group in the secondary coordination sphere. Using an ammonium-based proton source, N,N′-diisopropylethylammonium hexafluorophosphate, we analyzed catalytic activity for the ORR: 1 was found to be 64% selective for H2O2 and 2 is quantitative for H2O2, with O2 binding to the reduced Mn(II) center being the rate-determining step. Upon addition of the conjugate base, N,N′-diisopropylethylamine, the observed catalytic selectivity of both 1 and 2 shifted to H2O as the primary product. Interestingly, while the shift in selectivity suggests a change in mechanism for both 1 and 2, the catalytic activity of 2 is substantially enhanced in the presence of base and the rate-determining step becomes the bimetallic cleavage of the O–O bond in a Mn-hydroperoxo species. These data suggest that the introduction of pendent relay moieties can improve selectivity for H2O2 at the expense of diminished reaction rates from strong hydrogen bonding interactions. Further, although catalytic rate enhancements are observed with a change in product selectivity when base is added to buffer proton activity, the pendent relays stabilize dimer intermediates, limiting the maximum rate. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2025
  3. An entry from the Cambridge Structural Database, the world’s repository for small molecule crystal structures. The entry contains experimental data from a crystal diffraction study. The deposited dataset for this entry is freely available from the CCDC and typically includes 3D coordinates, cell parameters, space group, experimental conditions and quality measures. 
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  4. An entry from the Cambridge Structural Database, the world’s repository for small molecule crystal structures. The entry contains experimental data from a crystal diffraction study. The deposited dataset for this entry is freely available from the CCDC and typically includes 3D coordinates, cell parameters, space group, experimental conditions and quality measures. 
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  5. An entry from the Cambridge Structural Database, the world’s repository for small molecule crystal structures. The entry contains experimental data from a crystal diffraction study. The deposited dataset for this entry is freely available from the CCDC and typically includes 3D coordinates, cell parameters, space group, experimental conditions and quality measures. 
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  6. An entry from the Cambridge Structural Database, the world’s repository for small molecule crystal structures. The entry contains experimental data from a crystal diffraction study. The deposited dataset for this entry is freely available from the CCDC and typically includes 3D coordinates, cell parameters, space group, experimental conditions and quality measures. 
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  7. An entry from the Cambridge Structural Database, the world’s repository for small molecule crystal structures. The entry contains experimental data from a crystal diffraction study. The deposited dataset for this entry is freely available from the CCDC and typically includes 3D coordinates, cell parameters, space group, experimental conditions and quality measures. 
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  8. Abstract Friedel-Crafts Arylation (the Scholl reaction) is the coupling of two aromatic rings with the aid of a strong Lewis or Brønsted acid. This historically significant C–C bond forming reaction normally leads to aromatic products, often as oligomeric mixtures, dictated by the large stabilization gained upon their rearomatization. The coordination of benzene by a tungsten complex disrupts the natural course of this reaction sequence, allowing for Friedel-Crafts Arylation without rearomatization or oligomerization. Subsequent addition of a nucleophile to the coupled intermediate leads to functionalized cyclohexenes. In this work, we show that by coordinating benzene to tungsten through two carbons (dihapto-coordinate), a rarely observed double protonation of the bound benzene is enabled, allowing its subsequent coupling to a second arene without the need of a precious metal or Lewis acid catalyst. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  9. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024