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  1. Elucidation of maize strigolactone biosynthetic pathway has the potential for controlling the parasitic witchweed Striga . 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 6, 2024
  2. null (Ed.)
  3. Summary Conditional density estimation seeks to model the distribution of a response variable conditional on covariates. We propose a Bayesian partition model using logistic Gaussian processes to perform conditional density estimation. The partition takes the form of a Voronoi tessellation and is learned from the data using a reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm. The methodology models data in which the density changes sharply throughout the covariate space, and can be used to determine where important changes in the density occur. The Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm involves a Laplace approximation on the latent variables of the logistic Gaussian process model which marginalizes the parameters in each partition element, allowing an efficient search of the approximate posterior distribution of the tessellation. The method is consistent when the density is piecewise constant in the covariate space or when the density is Lipschitz continuous with respect to the covariates. In simulation and application to wind turbine data, the model successfully estimates the partition structure and conditional distribution. 
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  4. In this paper, we present a new inpainting framework for recovering missing regions of video frames. Compared with image inpainting, performing this task on video presents new challenges such as how to preserving temporal consistency and spatial details, as well as how to handle arbitrary input video size and length fast and efficiently. Towards this end, we propose a novel deep learning architecture which incorporates ConvLSTM and optical flow for modeling the spatial-temporal consistency in videos. It also saves much computational resource such that our method can handle videos with larger frame size and arbitrary length streamingly in real-time. Furthermore, to generate an accurate optical flow from corrupted frames, we propose a robust flow generation module, where two sources of flows are fed and a flow blending network is trained to fuse them. We conduct extensive experiments to evaluate our method in various scenarios and different datasets, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The experimental results demonstrate the superior of our method compared with the state-of-the-art inpainting approaches. 
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  5. Abstract Liquid xenon time projection chambers are promising detectors to search for neutrinoless double beta decay (0 $$\nu \beta \beta $$ ν β β ), due to their response uniformity, monolithic sensitive volume, scalability to large target masses, and suitability for extremely low background operations. The nEXO collaboration has designed a tonne-scale time projection chamber that aims to search for 0 $$\nu \beta \beta $$ ν β β of $$^{136}$$ 136 Xe with projected half-life sensitivity of $$1.35\times 10^{28}$$ 1.35 × 10 28  yr. To reach this sensitivity, the design goal for nEXO is $$\le $$ ≤ 1% energy resolution at the decay Q -value ( $$2458.07\pm 0.31$$ 2458.07 ± 0.31  keV). Reaching this resolution requires the efficient collection of both the ionization and scintillation produced in the detector. The nEXO design employs Silicon Photo-Multipliers (SiPMs) to detect the vacuum ultra-violet, 175 nm scintillation light of liquid xenon. This paper reports on the characterization of the newest vacuum ultra-violet sensitive Fondazione Bruno Kessler VUVHD3 SiPMs specifically designed for nEXO, as well as new measurements on new test samples of previously characterised Hamamatsu VUV4 Multi Pixel Photon Counters (MPPCs). Various SiPM and MPPC parameters, such as dark noise, gain, direct crosstalk, correlated avalanches and photon detection efficiency were measured as a function of the applied over voltage and wavelength at liquid xenon temperature (163 K). The results from this study are used to provide updated estimates of the achievable energy resolution at the decay Q -value for the nEXO design. 
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  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024