skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Dorman, James A."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. null (Ed.)
  2. null (Ed.)
    Symmetry-dependent properties such as ferroelectricity are suppressed at room temperature in Pb-free ABO 3 perovskites due to antiferrodistortive dynamics (octahedral rotations/tilts), resulting in the preferential stabilization of centrosymmetric crystals. For this reason, defect engineering (Ca doping, oxygen vacancy, etc. ) has been leveraged to break the symmetry of these crystals by inducing symmetry/structural transitions to modify the local A/B-site environment. This work demonstrates the use of in situ / ex situ photoluminescence spectroscopy to systematically detect symmetry/structural transformations in prototypical ferroelectric ABO 3 perovskites. These baseline optical responses are compared to recently synthesized Ca x Sr 1−x NbO 3 (CSNO) nanocrystals, which undergoes similar ferroelectric/structural phase transitions. Furthermore, the resultant PL response is corroborated with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements to confirm the structural changes. This ability to directly monitor the local site symmetry within ABO 3 perovskites via photoluminescence spectroscopy can be used to screen for temperature- and defect-induced ferroelectric transitions. 
    more » « less
  3. null (Ed.)
    Heat management in catalysis is limited by each material's heat transfer efficiencies, resulting in energy losses despite current thermal engineering strategies. In contrast, induction heating of magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) generates heat at the surface of the catalyst where the reaction occurs, reducing waste heat via dissipation. However, the synthesis of magnetic NPs with optimal heat generation requires interfacial ligands, such as oleic acid, which act as heat sinks. Surface treatments using tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAOH) or pyridine are used to remove these ligands before applications in hydrophilic media. In this study, Fe3O4 NPs are surface treated to study the effect of induction heating on the catalytic oxidation of 1‐octanol. Whereas TMAOH was unsuccessful in removing oleic acid, pyridine treatment resulted in a roughly 2.5‐fold increase in heat generation and product yield. Therefore, efficient surfactant removal has profound implications in induction heating catalysis by increasing the heat transfer and available surface sites. 
    more » « less