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  1. This research proposes a dynamic resource allocation method for vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications in the six generation (6G) cellular networks. Cellular V2X (C-V2X) communications empower advanced applications but at the same time bring unprecedented challenges in how to fully utilize the limited physical-layer resources, given the fact that most of the applications require both ultra low latency, high data rate and high reliability. Resource allocation plays a pivotal role to satisfy such requirements as well as guarantee quality of service (QoS). Based on this observation, a novel fuzzy-logic-assisted Q learning model (FAQ) is proposed to intelligently and dynamically allocate resources by taking advantage of the centralized allocation mode. The proposed FAQ model reuses the resources to maximize the network throughput while minimizing the interference caused by concurrent transmissions. The fuzzy-logic module expedites the learning and improves the performance of the Q-learning. A mathematical model is developed to analyze the network throughput considering the interference. To evaluate the performance, a system model for V2X communications is built for urban areas, where various V2X services are deployed in the network. Simulation results show that the proposed FAQ algorithm can significantly outperform deep reinforcement learning, Q learning and other advanced allocation strategies regarding the convergence speed and the network throughput. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 14, 2024