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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
  3. This work aims to prove a Hardy-type inequality and a trace theorem for a class of function spaces on smooth domains with a nonlocal character. Functions in these spaces are allowed to be as rough as an [Formula: see text]-function inside the domain of definition but as smooth as a [Formula: see text]-function near the boundary. This feature is captured by a norm that is characterized by a nonlocal interaction kernel defined heterogeneously with a special localization feature on the boundary. Thus, the trace theorem we obtain here can be viewed as an improvement and refinement of the classical trace theorem for fractional Sobolev spaces [Formula: see text]. Similarly, the Hardy-type inequalities we establish for functions that vanish on the boundary show that functions in this generalized space have the same decay rate to the boundary as functions in the smaller space [Formula: see text]. The results we prove extend existing results shown in the Hilbert space setting with p = 2. A Poincaré-type inequality we establish for the function space under consideration together with the new trace theorem allows formulating and proving well-posedness of a nonlinear nonlocal variational problem with conventional local boundary condition.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023
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