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  1. We present an efficient, trivially parallelizable algorithm to compute offset surfaces of shapes discretized using a dexel data structure. Our algorithm is based on a two-stage sweeping procedure that is simple to implement and efficient, entirely avoiding volumetric distance field computations typical of existing methods. Our construction is based on properties of half-space power diagrams, where each seed is only visible by a half space, which were never used before for the computation of surface offsets. The primary application of our method is interactive modeling for digital fabrication. Our technique enables a user to interactively process high-resolution models. It is also useful in a plethora of other geometry processing tasks requiring fast, approximate offsets, such as topology optimization, collision detection, and skeleton extraction. We present experimental timings, comparisons with previous approaches, and provide a reference implementation in the supplemental material.
  2. For a given PDE problem, three main factors affect the accuracy of FEM solutions: basis order, mesh resolution, and mesh element quality. The first two factors are easy to control, while controlling element shape quality is a challenge, with fundamental limitations on what can be achieved. We propose to use p-refinement (increasing element degree) to decouple the approximation error of the finite element method from the domain mesh quality for elliptic PDEs. Our technique produces an accurate solution even on meshes with badly shaped elements, with a slightly higher running time due to the higher cost of high-order elements. We demonstrate that it is able to automatically adapt the basis to badly shaped elements, ensuring an error consistent with high-quality meshing, without any per-mesh parameter tuning. Our construction reduces to traditional fixed-degree FEM methods on high-quality meshes with identical performance. Our construction decreases the burden on meshing algorithms, reducing the need for often expensive mesh optimization and automatically compensates for badly shaped elements, which are present due to boundary con- straints or limitations of current meshing methods. By tackling mesh gen- eration and finite element simulation jointly, we obtain a pipeline that is both more efficient and more robust thanmore »combinations of existing state of the art meshing and FEM algorithms.« less