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  1. - (Ed.)
    Brillouin scattering spectroscopy has been used to obtain an accurate (<1%) ρ-P equation of state (EOS) of 1:1 and 9:1 H2-He molar mixtures from 0.5 to 5.4 GPa at 296 K. Our calculated equations of state indicate close agreement with the experimental data right to the freezing pressure of hydrogen at 5.4 GPa. The measured velocities agree on average, within 0.5%, of an ideal mixing model. The ρ-P EOSs presented have a standard deviation of under 0.3% from the measured densities and under 1% deviation from ideal mixing. A detailed discussion of the accuracy, precision, and sources of error in the measurement and analyses of our equations of state is presented. 
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  2. Here, we report the high pressure phase and morphology behavior of ordered anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanocrystal arrays. One-dimensional TiO2 nanorods and nanorices were synthesized and self-assembled into ordered mesostructures. Their phase and morphological transitions at both atomic scale and mesoscale under pressure were studied using in situ synchrotron wide- and small-angle x-ray scattering (WAXS and SAXS) techniques. At the atomic scale, synchrotron WAXS reveals a pressure-induced irreversible amorphization up to 35 GPa in both samples but with different onset pressures. On the mesoscale, no clear phase transformations were observed up to 20 GPa by synchrotron SAXS. Intriguingly, sintering of TiO2 nanorods at mesoscale into nano-squares or nano-rectangles, as well as nanorices into nanowires, were observed for the first time by transmission electron microscopy. Such pressure-induced nanoparticle phase-amorphization and morphological changes provide valuable insights for design and engineering structurally stable nanomaterials. 
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  3. null (Ed.)