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Creators/Authors contains: "Espaillat, Catherine C."

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  1. Abstract

    Interpreting the short-timescale variability of the accreting, young, low-mass stars known as Classical T Tauri stars remains an open task. Month-long, continuous light curves from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) have become available for hundreds of T Tauri stars. With this vast data set, identifying connections between the variability observed by TESS and short-timescale accretion variability is valuable for characterizing the accretion process. To this end, we obtained short-cadence TESS observations of 14 T Tauri stars in the Taurus star formation region along with simultaneous ground-based,UBVRI-band photometry to be used as accretion diagnostics. In addition, we combine our data set with previously published simultaneous near-UV–near-IR Hubble Space Telescope spectra for one member of the sample. We find evidence that much of the short-timescale variability observed in the TESS light curves can be attributed to changes in the accretion rate, but note significant scatter between separate nights and objects. We identify hints of time lags within our data set that increase at shorter wavelengths, which we suggest may be evidence of longitudinal density stratification of the accretion column. Our results highlight that contemporaneous, multiwavelength observations remain critical for providing context for the observed variability of these stars.

  2. Abstract

    Wide-field near-infrared (NIR) polarimetry was used to examine disk systems around two brown dwarfs (BDs) and two young stellar objects (YSOs) embedded in the Heiles Cloud 2 (HCl2) dark molecular cloud in Taurus as well as numerous stars located behind HCl2. Inclined disks exhibit intrinsic NIR polarization due to scattering of photospheric light, which is detectable even for unresolved systems. After removing polarization contributions from magnetically aligned dust in HCl2 determined from the background star information, significant intrinsic polarization was detected from the disk systems of one BD (ITG 17) and both YSOs (ITG 15, ITG 25), but not from the other BD (2M0444). The ITG 17 BD shows good agreement of the disk orientation inferred from the NIR and from published Atacama Large Millimeter/submillieter Array dust continuum imaging. ITG 17 was also found to reside in a 5200 au wide binary (or hierarchical quad star system) with the ITG 15 YSO disk system. The inferred disk orientations from the NIR for ITG 15 and ITG 17 are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the local magnetic field direction. The multiplicity of the system and the large BD disk nature could have resulted from formation in an environmentmore »characterized by misalignment of the magnetic field and the protostellar disks.

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