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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2024
  2. Abstract

    Films of polycrystalline terbium iron garnet (TbIG), cerium‐substituted TbIG (CeTbIG), and bismuth‐substituted TbIG (BiTbIG) are grown on Si substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The films grow under tensile strain due to thermal mismatch with the Si substrate, resulting in a dominant magnetoelastic anisotropy which, combined with shape anisotropy, leads to in‐plane magnetization. TbIG has a compensation temperature of 253 K which is reduced by substitution of Ce and Bi. The Faraday rotation at 1550 nm of the TbIG, Ce0.36TbIG, and Bi0.03TbIG films is 5400 ± 600° cm−1, 4500 ± 100° cm–1, and 6200 ± 300° cm−1, respectively, while Ce0.36TbIG and Bi0.03TbIG exhibit lower optical absorption than TbIG, attributed to a reduction in Fe2+and Tb4+absorption pathways. The high Faraday rotation of the films, and in particular the high magneto‐optical figure of merit of the Bi0.03TbIG of 720° dB−1at 1550 nm, make these polycrystalline films valuable for applications in integrated photonics.

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  3. Abstract

    Thin film magneto‐optical (MO) materials are enablers for integrated nonreciprocal photonic devices such as isolators and circulators. Films of polycrystalline bismuth‐substituted yttrium iron garnet (Bi:YIG) have been grown on silicon substrates and waveguide devices, in which an yttrium iron garnet (YIG) seedlayer is placed either above or below the active Bi:YIG layer to promote crystallization. The films exhibit a high MO figure of merit of up to 769° dB−1at 1550 nm wavelength. Growth of single phase Bi:YIG on the sidewalls of waveguides is demonstrated, which can be used in nonreciprocal transverse electric (TE)‐mode devices.

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